At a forum held by the Univision broadcasting network in September, President Obama said the most important lesson he'd learned in his first term was that "you can't change Washington from the inside; you can only change it from the outside." That helps explain why he has issued a barrage of public statements and made a slew of appearances in the past week aimed at persuading congressional Republicans to cancel looming across-the-board cuts in federal spending, rather than meeting with congressional leaders to hammer out a deal.
The parade of horribles trotted out by Obama — criminals going free, airlines snarled by delays, and "critical investments" in security, schools and research being gutted — has yet to change the GOP's stance, however. At this point there's little doubt that the "sequester," as the cuts are called, will go into effect Friday, even though most lawmakers from both parties agree there are far better ways to reduce the deficit. What's worse, the cuts will do little or nothing to shore up Washington's fiscal house.
Republicans like to say Washington has a spending problem, but they confuse the current recession-driven budget gap with the long-term, structural issues. The titanic deficits of Obama's first term are already shrinking, and the gap will continue to narrow as the economy regains strength. But even vigorous economic growth won't solve the longer-term fiscal problems caused by the ever-increasing cost of healthcare entitlements such as Medicare and by an aging population that will require fewer workers to support more retirees. That's why Washington needs to adopt a plan that phases in solutions to the long-term problems as the economy grows stronger.