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California job growth slows in December as payrolls shrink

Worries about the 'fiscal cliff' probably deterred businesses from hiring, economists say. Unemployment holds steady at 9.8%.

January 19, 2013|By Ricardo Lopez, Los Angeles Times
  • Angele Thomas, 25, right, interviews for a job at a Target store in Los Angeles that is scheduled to open in March.
Angele Thomas, 25, right, interviews for a job at a Target store in Los Angeles… (Mel Melcon, Los Angeles…)

After adding jobs at a steady clip through most of last year, California's employment engine lost steam in December as employers reduced payrolls by 17,500 net positions.

The unemployment rate remained unchanged at 9.8% last month, according to figures released Friday by the state's Employment Development Department.

The loss of payroll jobs in December ends a seven-month streak in the Golden State.

For much of 2012, year-over-year job growth hovered around 2%, which helped drive the unemployment rate down 1.4 percentage points since December 2011.

The growth rate has now slowed to 1.6%, narrowly outpacing the nationwide growth rate of 1.4%. U.S. unemployment ended the year at 7.8%, the same as the revised November figure, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported earlier this month.

Economists said that the state jobs report was disappointing, and that the threatened "fiscal cliff" mixture of federal tax increases and spending cuts probably caused hiring uncertainty late in the year.

Congress later reached a deal, but not before hampering business confidence, economists said.

"I believe businesses were very worried about the 'fiscal cliff' issue," said Esmael Adibi, director of Chapman University's A. Gary Anderson Center for Economic Research. "I think this report reflects that."

Across the state, eight sectors recorded job losses in December, with the steepest decline in trade, transportation and utilities. Led primarily by losses in retail trade, that sector shed 11,200 jobs.

Retailers had ramped up hiring heading into last year's holiday shopping season, but spending was only modestly higher than in 2011.

The professional and business services sector, which includes white-collar occupations such as accountants and lawyers, shed 8,800 jobs.

Construction, which has been aided by a recovering housing market, added 4,100 jobs last month. The sector, which saw employment grow 4.4% compared with a year earlier, has seen a turnaround as demand for multi-unit housing has flourished.

Education and health services added 9,200 jobs in December. Healthcare, which continued expanding even during the recession, added more than half of those jobs in that sector.

Some economists met Friday's jobs report with skepticism.

"It's important not to overreact because of the possibility of revision," said Lynn Reaser, chief economist at the Fermanian Business & Economic Institute at Point Loma Nazarene University. Still, she said, "the loss of momentum at the end of the year is a concern."

The report did contain at least one bright spot: The labor force grew by almost 73,000 as people reentered the workforce.

"A lot of this is people going back to work," said John Husing, an Inland Empire economist. "It's not just people dropping out, which is very good news."

Among those who have returned to looking for work is former graphic designer Brian Madrigal.

The 28-year-old Glendale resident said he has been out of work for about six months and has relied on unemployment benefits to scrape by.

"There's lots of part-time work," he said. "I'm looking for a more stable job."

Madrigal said he probably would try to find a job as a waiter and take classes at a community college simultaneously so he can become a more marketable job candidate.

"There's lots of competition," he said. "You have to stand out."

Since December 2011, the state has added 225,900 net jobs to its payrolls, the second-largest yearly increase in the country.

Still, California's jobless rate is among the highest. Only two states have higher jobless rates: Nevada and Rhode Island, where unemployment is 10.2%.

Friday's report also showed that November's job figures were revised upward to indicate a net gain of 6,100 jobs.

In Southern California, unemployment rates largely sank.

Orange County's payrolls declined by 3,300, and its unemployment rate fell to 6.8%.

Los Angeles County added 9,600 jobs, and its jobless rate remained unchanged at 10.2%.

Riverside and San Bernardino counties combined added 3,400 jobs, and their jobless rate fell to 10.9% from 11.3% the month before. San Diego County gained 700 jobs and saw its jobless rate decline to 8.1% from 8.4%.

The unemployment rates for California and L.A. County are seasonally adjusted; those for Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and San Diego counties are not.

ricardo.lopez2@latimes.com

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