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Britain's choice of Churchill on 5-pound note leaves women out

Only the queen is left to grace the British currency. None of the female candidates has been deemed worthy — a situation some find morally bankrupt.

July 14, 2013|By Henry Chu
  • In London, campaigners dressed as famous women from history deliver to the Bank of England a petition calling for female representation on bank notes.
In London, campaigners dressed as famous women from history deliver to… (Andrew Cowie / AFP/Getty…)

LONDON — If money talks, then in Britain it has a decidedly baritone voice. And that, many say, is a scandal.

Three months ago, the Bank of England announced that Winston Churchill had been chosen as the new face of the 5-pound note, in recognition of "a truly great British leader, orator and writer … a hero of the entire free world." Starting in 2016, Churchill's jowly mug will peer out pugnaciously from the back of what is probably Britain's most widely used bill, worth about $7.50.

But the decision has riled thousands of women here (and not a few men). No disrespect to the cigar-chomping, wartime prime minister, they say. But his portrait will replace that of Elizabeth Fry, a 19th century prison reformer, which means that no female figure from Britain's past will appear anywhere on its currency — only the present queen, who is there by convention and by accident of birth, not by merit.

This is a nation whose most important prime minister of the last 50 years was a woman (Margaret Thatcher). Its longest-serving monarch was a woman (Queen Victoria), whose record of nearly 64 years on the throne may soon be beaten by another woman (Elizabeth II). The world's bestselling author of all time is a British woman (Agatha Christie), as is the one in recent history (J.K. Rowling).

Yet nobody of their gender has been deemed worthy of being added onto British money, a situation that Caroline Criado-Perez finds morally bankrupt.

"It's another instance of women's contributions being wiped out," she said. "It's something everyone will see whether they consciously notice it or not. It's in everyone's wallet, and we see it every day."

True, Queen Elizabeth II's smiling face graces every bill printed and every coin minted in Britain. But that's entirely because of her position as monarch, not personal or professional accomplishment, and her job is not one that women can realistically aspire to or work hard to achieve, except for Kate Middleton.

"Let's not forget the queen wouldn't even be there if she'd had a brother," Criado-Perez said. "It just sends out a really damaging message that women haven't achieved much and they can't achieve much."

Criado-Perez, a freelance journalist, has launched a campaign to restore at least a little bit of gender balance to the great and good depicted on British currency, which she says is mandated by anti-sexism legislation. More than 30,000 people have signed her online petition so far, and dozens of female members of Parliament have joined in the call for redress.

This month, dozens of protesters dressed up as famous women in British history and rallied outside the Bank of England's august headquarters in central London. Emmeline Pankhurst, who agitated for the right to vote, was a favored choice among the costumed demonstrators; Boadicea, Britain's ancient warrior-queen, also put in a slightly forbidding appearance.

The controversy scuttled any hopes that the Bank of England's Mervyn King might have had of spending his final days as its governor in a warm bath of unalloyed admiration. Instead, activists and columnists kept up a cold shower of criticism, even after King hinted, before stepping down at the end of June, that novelist Jane Austen was strongly in the running to supplant Charles Darwin on the 10-pound bill.

"I think it is extremely unlikely that we will ever find ourselves with no women [from history] on our bank notes," said King.

That was too vague an assurance for campaigners, who have succeeded in making their cause one of the first items on the agenda of King's successor, Mark Carney.

Parliament member Mary Macleod pointedly reminded Carney of "the vital role that women play in public life and in our economy."

"What irony it is that, on the very notes that we earn and spend, we will now see no [historical] women at all," which would leave "a chasm where there once was inspiration," Macleod wrote in a letter.

Carney responded by pledging to bring up the issue at a bank meeting to be held Wednesday and to make a decision by month's end.

"I believe that our notes should celebrate the diversity of great British historical figures," said Carney, who is Canadian.

Portraits of famous Britons other than the monarch began popping up on bills in 1970; the first was William Shakespeare. Since then, only two women have made the cut: Fry and nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale. Churchill will be the 14th man, joining the likes of author Charles Dickens, economist Adam Smith and composer Edward Elgar.

The selection process is opaque and closed to the public. The bank lists "broad name recognition" as a requirement for those it picks, though probably not one Brit in a thousand could tell you who Matthew Boulton was (an 18th century engineer) and not one in 10,000 could identify John Houblon (the Bank of England's first governor). Both men have adorned the 50-pound note.

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