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Vocabulary refresher course in the language of mindfulness meditation

March 30, 2013
  • The idylllic grounds at Spirit Rock Meditation Center in Woodacre, Calif.
The idylllic grounds at Spirit Rock Meditation Center in Woodacre, Calif. (Spirit Rock )

The vocabulary of meditation can be a barrier for people who feel that they're entering a strange world, experts say. Here are some common words.

Buddha: meaning one who is awake, in Sanskrit. The Buddha was a person, not a god, who lived more than 2,000 years ago; from a privileged family, he became a seeker of truth and eventually became enlightened.

Dharma: often used to mean the teachings of Buddhism and meditation.

Mantra: a word -- "om" being perhaps the most famous -- repeated as a way to keep the mind focused on one spot during meditation.

Metta: loving kindness. In metta meditation, a person seeks to evoke such feelings for oneself or others independent of self-interest. Phrases such as, "May I be safe, may I be peaceful and happy," can be repeated in the meditation.

Mindfulness: "a receptive attention to present-moment experience or attention to present-moment experience with a stance of open curiosity" (from Diana Winston of UCLA).

Transcendental meditation: a form of meditation using a mantra, introduced by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and popularized these days by such people as filmmaker David Lynch.

Vipassana: another name for insight meditation to cultivate mindfulness.

Zafu: a round cushion used for sitting during meditation.

-- Mary MacVean

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