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A rundown of LGBT workplace discrimination statistics

November 21, 2013|By Ricardo Lopez
  • A report by the Williams Institute at the UCLA School of Law says LGBT workplace discrimination is persistent and pervasive. Above, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) speaks during a news conference shortly before the Senate approved legislation that would prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
A report by the Williams Institute at the UCLA School of Law says LGBT workplace… (Saul Loeb / AFP / Getty Images )

Earlier this month, the U.S. Senate approved legislation, 64-32, that would prohibit workplace discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

The Employee Non-Discrimination Act, or ENDA for short, was first introduced in 1994 and has been brought up time and time again in Congress but went nowhere.

The legislation is now before the U.S. House of Representatives, but it faces tough odds there. House Speaker John Boehner has said there is "no basis or need" for the legislation and it's unclear whether the Republican leader will let the bill come up for a vote.

Currently, only 21 states have protections for LGBT employees. UCLA's Williams Institute on Thursday issued a report that the group says highlights the need for such federal legislation. 

Here's a rundown of their data:

-- 4%. The percentage of the U.S. workforce that identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.

-- 21%. That's the percentage of LGBT employees who report having been discriminated against in hiring, promotions and pay. 

-- 47%. That's the percentage of transgender employees who reported similar discrimination at work. 

-- $0.68-$0.90. That's how much gay and bisexual men make for every dollar earned by similarly-qualified heterosexual men. 

-- One out of every 25 complaints made about workplace discrimination comes from LGBT employees. 

-- 96%. That's the percentage of Fortune 500 companies that have LGBT workplace protections who say such policies have boosted their businesses. Fortune 500 executives, including Apple CEO Tim Cook, have said such workplace policies boost productivity, increase retention rates and and attract talent.

ENDA's fate in Congress remains to be seen, but the Obama Administration said it's pushing the House to take up the bill. 

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