Reports that the United States may target another U.S. citizen for death because of his alleged involvement in terrorism are troubling, especially in light of unanswered questions about the drone attack in Yemen in 2011 that killed the U.S.-born Anwar Awlaki. This time, the potential target is said to be in Pakistan.
If the United States is again to deliberately take the life of one of its citizens without due process of law, leaders from the president on down must, at the very least, offer specific and credible proof that such action was absolutely necessary to prevent imminent attacks on Americans and that capturing the suspected terrorist was impossible.
Satisfactory substantiation was never provided for the assassination of Awlaki, a propagandist for Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula who, according to the U.S. government, had assumed an operational role. Nor was the public fully informed about how President Obama and his advisors decided that Awlaki's name belonged on a kill list.
In March 2012, almost six months after Awlaki and a U.S.-born associate, Samir Khan, were killed in a drone strike, Atty. Gen. Eric H. Holder Jr. divulged the general criteria used to determine whether a U.S. citizen abroad could be targeted for death. He must be a "senior operational leader of Al Qaeda or associated forces," he must be "actively engaged in planning to kill Americans," and his "capture would not be feasible."