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Aceh Indonesia

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NEWS
January 9, 2000 | DAVID LAMB, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Emboldened by East Timor's breakaway, the people of Aceh have embarked on a dangerous journey that could determine the fate of Indonesia itself. It is a passage, born of the collective memory of military abuses and broken promises, that is leading this bloodied province to one of three extremes: war, autonomy or independence. Day by day, the killing continues, in twos and threes, interspersed with an occasional massacre by army soldiers.
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SCIENCE
April 14, 2007 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
The March 2005 earthquake off the Indonesian coast produced the greatest mass death of coral ever recorded, the Wildlife Conservation Society said Wednesday. A survey of 36 sites along miles of coastline showed massive losses of coral, with much of it lifted above sea level. The entire island of Simeulue, for example, was raised nearly 4 feet, exposing the nearly 200 miles of coral that ringed the island.
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WORLD
May 31, 2003 | Richard C. Paddock, Times Staff Writer
The troops arrived before dawn, moving through the rice paddies and past the shrimp ponds of this quiet coastal village. The soldiers were hunting for rebels fighting for the independence of Aceh, Indonesia's westernmost province. What they found, villagers say, were seven boys and men whose job was to watch over the ponds. What happened next is not entirely clear, but within minutes all seven were dead.
WORLD
December 11, 2006 | From Times Wire Reports
Voters in Indonesia's Aceh province took part today in elections seen as key to cementing a peace deal that ended a brutal 29-year war in the region hit worst by the 2004 tsunami. Former separatist rebels and an ex-army general are among candidates for governor and deputy governor -- a slate unimaginable before the earthquake-spawned waves crashed into Aceh, killing more than 100,000 people but helping usher in a new era of peace. About 85% of Aceh's 2.
WORLD
January 30, 2005
Indonesian government and rebel leaders from tsunami-devastated Aceh province broke off negotiations in Finland's capital, Helsinki, after failing to agree on a cease-fire in their 30-year conflict. Former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari urged both sides to quickly resume talks. The government and the Free Aceh Movement agreed to the negotiations after the Dec. 26 tsunami. Both sides pledged to freeze military operations to focus on helping tsunami victims.
NEWS
November 10, 1999 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid said he is willing to allow a referendum on independence in oil-rich Aceh province in northern Sumatra. He added, however, that he is confident its people would decide to remain part of Indonesia. "If we can hold a referendum in East Timor, why not in Aceh?" Wahid said in Manila during his first trip abroad since his Oct. 20 election. On Monday, at least 500,000 people swept into Banda Aceh, the provincial capital, to demand the right to a referendum.
NEWS
December 20, 2001 | Associated Press
An Indonesian air force transport plane was in flames after being hit by ground fire today as it was landing at an airport in separatist-racked Aceh province, a military spokesman said. The Hercules C-130 was burning on the runway, Maj. Zainal Mataquin said. The number on board was not immediately clear, and it wasn't known right away if anyone was killed. The aircraft was landing at Lhokseumawe, a town in northeastern Aceh that is the center of the province's natural gas industry.
WORLD
February 23, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Separatists in Aceh province are ready to drop their 30-year struggle for independence from Indonesia in return for some degree of self-rule, a spokesman said. The Free Aceh Movement and the government are holding peace talks in Helsinki, Finland. Self-government "is the main thing on the table," rebel spokesman Bakhtiar Abdullah said.
WORLD
July 18, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesia's vice president said parliament would have to change the law to allow rebels in Aceh province to form their own political party -- a key part of a peace deal negotiated over the weekend. The government and rebels announced Sunday that they would sign a formal pact Aug. 15 to end the province's 29-year insurgency, but Jusuf Kalla's remarks indicated that the political-party issue remained a potential stumbling block.
WORLD
January 31, 2005 | From Times Wire Services
Indonesia's military said it had killed four rebels during a clash in Aceh province, where a massive aid effort for tsunami victims was underway. Rebels were not immediately available for comment, but the military said the clash happened in Madat, on the eastern side of the province, two miles from the coast. The two sides cut short peace talks in Finland on Saturday without a breakthrough to end the 30-year conflict in the separatist region.
WORLD
July 12, 2006 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesia passed a law granting Aceh province greater autonomy and paving the way for local elections, cementing the terms of a landmark 2005 peace accord with separatist rebels. But some former guerrillas said the law -- which allows them to run for office and gives Aceh control over 70% of its natural resources -- provides for less self-rule than promised by the government. They demanded that international monitors look into their complaints.
WORLD
December 30, 2005 | From Associated Press
Indonesian soldiers lugged guns and heavy bags up gangplanks Thursday as they completed the final phase of a troop reduction in Aceh province -- a key step in an accord with separatist rebels to end a nearly 30-year war. The last of 24,000 troops pulled out on five navy ships and a Hercules air carrier, just days after Free Aceh Movement rebels completed the hand-over of their weapons and disbanded their military wing.
WORLD
December 27, 2005 | From Associated Press
Indonesia's Aceh rebels formally disbanded their armed wing today, fulfilling the next step of a tsunami-inspired peace plan to end one of Asia's longest separatist conflicts. "The Acehnese national army, or the armed wing of the Free Aceh Movement, has demobilized and disbanded," Sofyan Daud, a former rebel commander, told reporters. "The Aceh national army is now part of civil society and will work to make the peace deal a success." The action would take effect immediately, he said.
WORLD
December 20, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Former rebels in Indonesia's Aceh province have completed the hand-over of their weapons, fulfilling one of the most crucial points of a peace deal to end 29 years of fighting, international peace monitors said. Under the accord, Indonesia agreed to withdraw nearly 24,000 troops from the oil- and gas-rich province by year's end, and the rebels to surrender all firearms. They handed in 1,018 guns.
WORLD
September 15, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesian police pulled out of Aceh province in a goodwill gesture as rebels prepared to hand over hundreds of weapons under a peace deal signed last month. The deal's success depends almost entirely on the disarmament and demobilization. The pact called for an immediate cessation of hostilities. It also said the rebels would have to surrender their weapons before year's end.
WORLD
August 16, 2005 | Dinda Jouhana and Richard C. Paddock, Special to The Times
The Indonesian government and Acehnese rebel leaders signed a landmark agreement Monday in Helsinki, Finland, that ends one of Asia's longest-running wars and brings peace to a region devastated by the Dec. 26 tsunami. After fighting for nearly 29 years, the rebel Free Aceh Movement agreed to drop its demand for the independence of Aceh province in exchange for the opportunity to participate in the political process.
WORLD
January 28, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono offered rebels in tsunami-hit Aceh province autonomy and an amnesty in exchange for a cease-fire. The rebels have long demanded full independence. The warring sides were expected to start talks in Helsinki, Finland, probably today, to try to reach a formal cease-fire.
WORLD
May 19, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesia lifted emergency rule in Aceh province but said soldiers would remain. Rebels demanded their withdrawal. Two years ago, Jakarta abandoned peace talks and launched an offensive against the Free Aceh Movement. After the Dec. 26 tsunami, rebels proclaimed a truce and the government reopened peace talks. Cabinet Secretary Sudi Silahahi said the troops would stay "to restore peace and order" and help "safeguard the process of rehabilitation and reconstruction."
WORLD
July 18, 2005 | From Times Wire Reports
Indonesia's vice president said parliament would have to change the law to allow rebels in Aceh province to form their own political party -- a key part of a peace deal negotiated over the weekend. The government and rebels announced Sunday that they would sign a formal pact Aug. 15 to end the province's 29-year insurgency, but Jusuf Kalla's remarks indicated that the political-party issue remained a potential stumbling block.
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