September 13, 1991 |
Mukhtar, a 12-year-old orphan of Afghanistan's raging civil war, was studying his Russian lessons on the floor of a dingy dormitory room at Kabul's Orphanage of the Homeland on Wednesday when a visitor dropped in. The stranger wanted to chat about Karl Marx, V. I. Lenin and the recent events that have radically transformed the superpower that has looked after Mukhtar since he lost his mother, father, uncle and brothers to war. "Why are you studying Russian?" the visitor asked.
September 14, 1991
The announcement that the Soviet Union and the United States have agreed to halt all military aid to the warring factions in Afghanistan may signal the winding up of the bloodiest conflict of the 1980s. The History An April, 1978, revolution brought the Communists to power, and by late the next year the Soviet Union had begin a massive airlift of men and armor to save the tottering Kabul regime.
October 13, 1988 |
A Soviet pledge of $600 million in aid topped the list of offers Wednesday as the United Nations sought a total of $1.1 billion for relief and reconstruction of war-ravaged Afghanistan. It was an unprecedented move by Moscow, which has never before joined in an international project of this kind, limiting its aid in the past to bilateral agreements largely with Marxist nations.
September 15, 1991 |
The Soviet-backed Afghan government said Saturday it is ready to stop the war against Western-supported guerrillas and endorsed Friday's U.S.-Soviet agreement to halt all weapons supplies to the warring sides by Jan. 1. But radical Muslim guerrillas said they will continue fighting to topple President Najibullah's government in Kabul. Afghan Premier Fazlul Haq Khaleqyar has "expressed full readiness to ensure peace and cessation of the war as well as implementation of the Soviet-U.S.
August 21, 1989
An Afghan general who was in charge of President Najibullah's personal security force has defected to the rebel side, and he said that the country's Marxist regime is weak and could soon fall. "If the Russians cut off all supplies to (Najibullah), he'd be finished in two or three months," Maj. Gen. Mohammed Farouk Zarif told a news conference in Peshawar, Pakistan.
September 14, 1991 |
President Najibullah, one of the world's last Soviet-backed totalitarian leaders, says he has no intention of stepping down, despite the fall of the hard-liners in the Kremlin and the KGB who put him in power and the imminent prospect of an end to his arms supplies from Moscow.