April 5, 2002 |
The fragile new Afghan government took on a daunting political and logistical challenge Thursday, vowing to eliminate the Afghan poppy crop, source of perhaps 70% of the world's opium and of much of this impoverished country's income. Just two weeks from the harvest of the plants, which are used in the production of heroin, the government said it would offer farmers about $500 an acre to destroy crops--a fraction of what they can earn by selling the opium the plants yield.
October 7, 1998 |
The Taliban offered to stop growing poppies--which help make Afghanistan the world's second-largest opium producer after the Golden Triangle of Southeast Asia--in exchange for recognition by the United Nations as the government of the country. Mullah Mohammed Omar, the supreme leader of the Islamic militia, made the offer in remarks that were broadcast by the Taliban over the radio. Only Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates recognize the Taliban as the government of Afghanistan.
October 3, 1996 |
At their front line in the rocky, wind-swept Hindu Kush mountains, Taliban militiamen vowed Wednesday to spread their doctrine of Islamic fundamentalism right up to the border of the former Soviet Union. In a military blitzkrieg, the Talibs scored their most dazzling success with the capture of Kabul, the capital, six days ago.
November 6, 1995 |
Embattled Afghan President Burhanuddin Rabbani is to announce plans next week to hand over power to an interim authority, a presidential spokesman said Sunday. "The president is ready to hand over power to a person or a committee on the basis of an agreement of all rival factions," the spokesman, Aziz Morad, told reporters in his office in the Presidential Palace. He said Rabbani had acknowledged that the transfer of power should lead to "positive changes in Afghanistan."
June 5, 1992 |
Rival Muslim factions battled across Kabul again Thursday, and the caretaker Islamic government threatened to use force to stop the fighting, which has killed at least 100 people. The warning created fears of even more bloodshed in Afghanistan's shattered capital, where the rival groups have been battling for control since the Communist regime was ousted April 28. As of Thursday, more than 60 people had died and scores had been wounded in three days of fighting.
April 3, 1992 |
Afghan President Najibullah and the Muslim rebels fighting to overthrow his Communist-style government endorsed a plan Thursday to end their country's 13-year-old civil war. The peace plan would transfer power from Najibullah to a transitional government selected late this month by about 500 Afghans representing every faction--from the Kabul government through the range of exile and rebel groups.
May 7, 1992 |
The new Afghan leadership established a "people's court" Wednesday to try former Communist officials as traitors, reneging on a promise of amnesty it made last week. At its first meeting, the new ruling Islamic council also dissolved the old ruling Watan Party, formerly the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, the Communist party that ruled the country for 14 years, and abolished the feared Khad secret police and the previous Parliament.
April 28, 1990 |
A dozen rockets struck the Afghan capital of Kabul and killed five people Friday, the 12th anniversary of the bloody coup that began Communist rule in Afghanistan, Radio Kabul reported. Friday's attack came on the anniversary of the April 27, 1978, coup that overthrew Mohammed Daoud and brought Communist leader Nur Mohammed Taraki to power.
July 26, 1990 |
The Bush Administration denied a report Wednesday that the United States and the Soviet Union have reached an agreement on settling the war in Afghanistan, but officials pointed to significant progress in resolving the conflict. A television broadcast saying that a deal was completed is a "product of the rumor mill," said Secretary of State James A. Baker III, who is traveling in Asia and will meet with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard A. Shevardnadze in Irkutsk next week.