June 1, 2010
Sixteen years after the end of apartheid, South Africa is at a crossroads. The country that was ushered into black majority rule by African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela has held four free and fair national elections since 1994, conducted a pioneering truth-and-reconciliation process, established a respectable multiracial judiciary and maintained a robust free press. The competence and integrity of successive ANC governments have been called into question, but not their fundamental legitimacy.
July 13, 1987 |
A group of prominent white South Africans joined the outlawed African National Congress in a declaration Sunday, pledging to campaign to end apartheid and establish a democratic political system in their country. South Africa's whites, as well as blacks, "have an obligation to act for the achievement of this objective," the two groups said, although "different strategies" will be used in what they declared "a common struggle" against continued minority white rule in Pretoria.
May 22, 1987 |
A clinic founded by black activist Winnie Mandela was destroyed by fire Thursday in a small town where she lived in internal exile for eight years. Police said arson was suspected. Mandela, wife of jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, told reporters she believes the fire was set in retaliation for two car bombings Wednesday. The government has blamed ANC guerrillas for the blasts, which killed three white policemen and injured 15 people outside a Johannesburg courthouse.
June 4, 1998 |
A notorious apartheid-era police colonel linked former President Pieter W. Botha to violent attacks on anti-government groups. The former colonel, Eugene de Kock, who is serving a 212-year sentence for murders and other crimes, testified that he bombed the London offices of the then-banned African National Congress, or ANC, a South African church headquarters and trade union offices during Botha's 1978-89 rule.
November 4, 1986 |
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met today with African National Congress President Oliver Tambo and pledged the Soviet Union's support in the ANC's battle to overthrow the South African system of apartheid. Tass, the official press agency, said both leaders denounced the U.S. policy of constructive engagement with Pretoria and Washington's interference in the internal affairs of neighboring Angola through its support of Jonas Savimbi's UNITA rebel group.
July 10, 1987 |
Fifty prominent white South Africans, defying their government, opened three days of talks with the outlawed African National Congress here Thursday on a strategy to end apartheid and establish a democratic political system for their country. Frederick van Zyl Slabbert, leader of the white delegation of politicians, businessmen, clergy, academics, writers and students, said the meeting would discuss "alternatives to the brutal catastrophe unfolding inside our common fatherland."
August 16, 1987 |
Joe Slovo is the man most feared by white South Africans, the man whose calls for greater "revolutionary violence" seem intended to plunge the country into chaos, the man whose dreams of a Communist South Africa give them nightmares.
August 6, 1987 |
Twenty-five years ago Wednesday, when South African authorities arrested Nelson Mandela, they believed they had broken the African National Congress and brought to a quick end its "armed struggle" against minority white rule. Today, Mandela remains a prisoner, serving a life sentence for sabotage in an effort to overthrow the government. But now the government of President Pieter W. Botha finds itself effectively a political hostage to Mandela.
June 22, 1990
Jeane Kirkpatrick seems to like the word "democracy." She uses it or a derivative six times in her column ("A Color-Blind Peace Depends on Democracy," Commentary, June 11): I do not know what her definition of democracy is. I am sure that most of the people of the world including those in South Africa have little idea of the meaning, advantages and responsibilities of a democratic government. Kirkpatrick speaks of "democracy and comfort for whites." Does she equate privilege with democracy?
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
July 4, 1991
Why does the African National Congress insist on holding President Frederik de Klerk and his government responsible for the "legacy of apartheid" (Part A, June 18-19)? This man has worked hard in the face of strong and bitter opposition to dismantle the country's laws that enforce racial segregation. However, he cannot change a society's attitude, which has been created over several hundred years. What he has done in the past few years for the people of color in South Africa is incredible.