June 3, 2006 |
Fifty-five million years ago the Arctic was a lot like Miami, with an average temperature of 74 degrees, alligator ancestors and palm trees, scientists report in the current issue of the journal Nature. Scientists had known the Arctic had warmed, but previously believed it had reached about 52 degrees. The new conclusion is based on first-of-their-kind core samples extracted from more than 1,000 feet below the Arctic Ocean floor.
February 23, 2013 |
The U.S. Coast Guard has found evidence of multiple safety and environmental violations in Shell Alaska's Noble Discoverer Arctic drilling rig and forwarded it to the U.S. Justice Department for a decision about possible civil or criminal penalties, authorities confirmed Friday. The news is the latest setback for Shell's troubled Arctic drilling program, launched last summer off the coast of Alaska to tap one of the world's biggest remaining oil and gas deposits. It has been plagued with logistical and mechanical troubles that raise questions about the company's ability to continue this year.
October 6, 1996 |
Ray Sambrotto is a little out of touch. He can't be reached by phone, fax or e-mail. He won't see this year's World Series, or join the rest of the planet in enduring the final weeks of the 1996 U.S. presidential election. He'll even miss the trees bursting into red, orange and gold near his Hudson Valley home. The soft-spoken oceanographer has been thrown into one of the most isolated environments on the planet, a place a colleague calls "a sensory-deprivation tank with company." Until Nov.
September 6, 2008 |
A massive 19-square-mile ice shelf in Canada's northern Arctic has broken away and is floating in the Arctic Ocean, the latest sign of rapid climate change in the remote region, a team of scientists said Tuesday. They said the Markham Ice Shelf -- one of just five remaining ice shelves in the Arctic -- split away from Ellesmere Island in early August. They also said two large chunks totaling 47 square miles had broken off the nearby Serson Ice Shelf, reducing it in size by 60%. Derek Mueller, an Arctic ice shelf specialist at Trent University in Ontario, said the amount of ice lost from the shelves this summer totaled 83 square miles.
August 18, 2013 |
We share a deep and abiding passion for and fascination with the ocean that has led us since childhood to wander the world under the waves. We also share an increasing concern that the health of the ocean is rapidly deteriorating under the strain of human pressure and neglect. The evidence is everywhere, from plastic waste at the bottom of the Arctic Ocean to flattened remains of deep ocean reefs hundreds of miles from land, bulldozed by bottom trawlers. No part of the ocean, no matter how deep or remote, is safe anymore.
November 17, 2006 |
An international team of scientists Thursday reported that rising temperatures were steadily transforming the Arctic -- warming millions of square miles of permafrost, promoting lush greenery on previously arid tundras and steadily shrinking the annual sea ice.
October 21, 2007 |
A British explorer says he is planning the most accurate survey of the thickness of the Arctic ice to gauge the effects of global warming. The Vanco Arctic Survey will entail a 1,240-mile trek to the North Pole next year. On the way, explorers will take millions of readings of the thickness and density of the ice and snow to try to provide the clearest picture of the polar ice cap and how long it will last.
July 4, 2012 |
They're calling it the Arctic Row. Four men with a profound love of adventure are setting out to do something dangerous and unprecedented -- something they could not have done before the ice covering the top of the world began to melt in earnest. They are going to row across the Arctic Ocean, nonstop and without support. It's just four U.S. men in a narrow rowboat -- but they have a gigantic issue before them: what the melting of the Arctic means for the world. Obviously, they won't come away with all the answers. What they say they're looking for, at the very least, is to raise a little more awareness about the changes underway in the Arctic.
November 16, 2012 |
In the final presidential debate, when explaining why the Navy has fewer ships than in 1916, President Obama famously quipped that the United States also has "fewer horses and bayonets," setting off a debate over quality versus quantity. In the Arctic - an increasingly important part of the world - the situation is simpler. When it comes to patrolling and securing the Arctic, the United States has neither quality nor quantity. The rapid melting of the Arctic sea ice is opening up previously unnavigable areas to shipping and drilling.