November 21, 2008 |
The Bush administration's authorization of a major new offshore oil drilling program in the Arctic Ocean was dealt a serious setback Thursday when a federal appeals court ruled the plan did not adequately consider the effect on bowhead whales and the native villagers who make their living from the frigid coastal waters. Ruling on the first of several major new projects for tapping oil and gas deposits from the Arctic floor, the U.S.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 17, 1997 |
Spring begins eight days earlier in the Arctic than it did a decade ago, according to satellite measurements of vegetation coverage. The measurements suggest that plant cover appears earlier in the year, grows lusher and sticks around longer in northern climes than it used to. The finding, reported in the April 17 Nature, confirms a phenomenon first reported last year and may be an indication of global warming.
June 4, 2001
Federal researchers have discovered that shrubs in the Alaskan Arctic are growing larger and spreading across previously barren territory in the tundra. The findings, reported in Thursday's Nature, add to the scientific consensus that the region is gradually getting warmer. The team combed through archives of aerial photos, comparing new images to those of the same locations taken 50 years ago.
May 27, 2000 |
The thinning ozone layer over the Arctic may be headed for even more dramatic losses because of global warming, according to research that will be presented Wednesday at the American Geophysical Union meeting in Washington, D.C. Currently, ozone depletion is much more severe over the Antarctic, where there is a hole in the ozone layer.
August 18, 2007 |
There was less sea ice in the Arctic on Friday than ever before on record, and the melting is continuing, the National Snow and Ice Data Center reported. "Today is a historic day," said Mark Serreze, a senior research scientist at the center in Boulder, Colo. "This is the least sea ice we've ever seen in the satellite record, and we have another month left to go in the melt season this year."
September 16, 2006 |
The Arctic's perennial sea ice lost an area the size of Texas last year, in a change that may have an effect on the environment and marine transport, NASA said. About 288,000 square miles of perennial ice, which normally doesn't melt during the summer, was lost from 2004 to 2005, scientists found using data from NASA's QuickScat satellite. Perennial sea ice can be 10 or more feet thick, according to NASA.
August 21, 2009 |
In an attempt to head off a major commercial fishing march into the Arctic, the Obama administration declared a moratorium on expanded fishing in the still-uncharted waters of the far north. U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary F. Locke banned the expansion of most commercial fishing beyond the Alaskan coast until new scientific studies can determine what fish stocks exist and how crucial they are to maintaining a fragile Arctic ecosystem already under stress. The order, recommended by the North Pacific Fisheries Management Council in February, restricts future commercial fishing for finfish and shellfish in nearly 200,000 square miles of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 10, 1990 |
Scientists who have been analyzing data from a series of 14 flights over the North Pole by instrument-laden aircraft have concluded what many had feared: that the ozone layer over the Arctic is thinning, although not nearly as severely as over Antarctica. The scientists reported in last week's issue of Nature that ozone depletion ranged from 12% to 35% within the north polar region, and they suggested that man's release of chlorofluorocarbons has caused the loss.
December 11, 1988 |
More than 3,000 troops, the northernmost U.S. combat force, braved the Arctic cold to participate in a mock assault on a simulated Soviet war position that demonstrated many of the pitfalls of fighting in freezing weather. Three units of the 6th Light Infantry Division from nearby Ft. Greely--1,200 combat infantrymen and 1,900 support troops--took part in the maneuvers about 100 miles southeast of Fairbanks and one hour by plane from the Soviet Union.
January 8, 1995 |
Jubilant residents of Canada's Arctic set off fireworks, danced and ate caribou in celebration of their first fleeting glimpse of the sun last week after more than a month of frigid darkness. The sun peeked above the horizon for just a few minutes Friday at Inuvik, but it was reason enough for a party in this rugged outpost of about 3,000 people at the northern extreme of North America. "After the period of darkness, people are happy and feeling good to know the sun is back.