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Birth Defects

CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 12, 2001
Birth defects such as a small head or growth retardation seen in the babies of epileptic women who take drugs for their seizures are caused by the drugs, not the epilepsy, a team from Massachusetts General Hospital reports in today's New England Journal of Medicine. Dr. Lewis Holmes and his colleagues found that 98 women with epilepsy who did not take anti-seizure drugs during their pregnancy were no more likely to have a baby with a physical deformity than 508 women without epilepsy.
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NEWS
October 14, 1988 | Associated Press
The acne drug Accutane is as dangerous a cause of birth defects as thalidomide, causing 40% of women to miscarry and 25% to have children with severe birth defects if taken early in pregnancy, a study reported Thursday. Thalidomide, a sedative, caused an epidemic of birth defects in Europe in the late 1950s and early '60s before it was withdrawn from the market.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
December 18, 1989 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
Taking aspirin early in pregnancy does not appear to increase the chances that a woman will give birth to a baby with a defective heart, researchers report in a finding contrary to previous studies. In the largest study of its kind, Boston University researchers failed to find any significant association between aspirin use and five types of potentially fatal heart birth defects.
NEWS
July 28, 1992 | From Associated Press
Women living near toxic waste sites are slightly more likely to have children with birth defects, but more research is needed to determine if the dumps are to blame, a study published Monday said. Researchers from Yale University and the New York Health Department reviewed a total of 27,115 births in 20 New York counties for the study in the American Journal of Epidemiology. In New York state, 30 infants per 1,000 are born with birth defects.
NEWS
January 24, 1995 | SHARI ROAN, TIMES HEALTH WRITER
In the largest analysis of its kind ever undertaken anywhere, state officials have found that birth defects in California have not declined despite increases in prenatal care and screening programs. The report by the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program suggests that prenatal care has little impact on reducing birth defects, because the cause of most anomalies is unknown. Nevertheless, the data does point to subtle but measurable racial, geographical and age differences.
NEWS
September 18, 1986 | United Press International
Armed with photos of deformed babies, Vietnamese doctors said Wednesday that recent studies in Vietnam offer added evidence pointing to the herbicide Agent Orange as a cause of birth defects. The findings were presented at an annual international symposium on the toxic chemical dioxin, the first time Vietnam has taken part. Four Vietnamese physicians are attending. The studies were immediately challenged by other researchers at the conference here.
NEWS
May 1, 1988 | Associated Press
A new drug for psoriasis is closely related to the acne drug Accutane and is probably even more likely to produce birth defects when taken by pregnant women, the New York Times reported today. The newspaper said at least seven babies have been born with defects to women who had taken Tegison, although no cases have been recorded in the United States.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 8, 1994
Latino babies face a significantly higher risk of being born with brain and spinal defects than do babies in other ethnic groups, a study from the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program reported Wednesday. The study, which examined 700,000 live births and fetal deaths in California from 1983 to 1987, found that about nine of every 10,000 Latino babies were born with neural tube defects.
BUSINESS
April 27, 2002 | Reuters
U.S. regulators are investigating whether Schering-Plough Corp.'s allergy drug Claritin may be linked to birth defects reported in Sweden, a health official said. Swedish authorities have noted a higher-than-expected number of cases of hypospadia, a malformation of the penis, among children whose mothers took Claritin while pregnant. European authorities announced Thursday they had launched a safety investigation at Sweden's request. The defect can be corrected through surgery. Dr.
NEWS
September 5, 1987 | United Press International
Pregnant women who have one or two drinks a day do not put their babies at greater risk for most birth defects, but even small amounts of alcohol may be linked to one malformation, government doctors said Friday. National Institute of Child Health and Development scientists analyzed the drinking habits and pregnancy outcomes of 32,870 women and found that women who had two drinks or less a day had the same risk of birth defects overall as women who did not drink.
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