CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
June 28, 2010 |
Public health officials say California's lackluster immunization rates could be a factor in the epidemic spread of whooping cough, a bacterial disease expected to take its largest toll in the state in five decades. California is one of only 11 states that does not require middle school students to receive a booster shot against whooping cough, also known as pertussis, which infects the respiratory system. The state is the only one in the nation to report such a dramatic surge in pertussis, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
June 11, 2011 |
More than 1,000 people in California have been infected with whooping cough this year, and health officials have encouraged the public to get immunizations against the bacterial disease. A new law goes into effect July 1 requiring middle school and high school students to show proof that they have received a whooping cough booster shot, known as Tdap, before the start of the new school year. Authorities on Friday urged parents to make sure their children get the vaccine early in the summer to avoid a rush of vaccinations in August and September.
December 20, 2010 |
Whooping cough is a respiratory infection caused by the Bordetella pertussis bacterium. An airborne disease that can also be spread through direct contact, it infects infants when someone with the disease breathes on them or coughs or sneezes in close proximity to them. Before widespread use of the pertussis vaccine, which became available in the 1940s, the disease killed more than 5,000 people in the United States each year. By 1976, the number of cases had decreased by more than 99%. The disease is still cyclical, however, said Ken August, a spokesman for the California Department of Public Health, leading to a spike in cases every five years or so. The last peak year was 2005; then there were 3,182 cases and 18 deaths in the state of California.
October 27, 2010 |
A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advisory committee on Wednesday recommended that adolescents receive a booster shot of the meningitis vaccine at age 16 because the effects of the vaccine fade more quickly than had been anticipated. [ Updated Wednesday, 11:15 a.m.: The original version of this story incorrectly said that it was an FDA advisory committee that made the recommendation.] Researchers had originally thought that the benefits of the vaccine persisted for at least 10 years, but new evidence presented to the committee Wednesday suggests that its benefits begin to wane after five years.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
June 24, 2010 |
Whooping cough is now at epidemic levels in California and the state could record the highest number of illnesses and death due to the disease in 50 years, the state's top health official said Wednesday. Reported cases of whooping cough, also known as pertussis, have quadrupled over the same time period last year, said Dr. Mark Horton, director of the California Department of Public Health. Five infants — all under 3 months — have died, including two in Los Angeles County and one in San Bernardino County.
August 7, 2012 |
LONDON — Through the frantic thrashing in the pool and the supercharged racket at the Water Polo Arena, Adam Krikorian thought he saw his goalie grab the ball. He was sure of it. So the U.S. coach kept his eye on play while pivoting toward officials, signaling for a timeout. His goalie, however, did not have the ball. It was loose in the desperate muddle of Australia scraping to sustain gold-medal hopes, down a goal in a women's semifinal game. And there are five reasons for officials to award a penalty shot in water polo, and calling a timeout without possession is one of them.