October 2, 2013 |
Two-thirds of patients sick enough to land in a hospital intensive care unit come away from the experience with substantial mental deficits, a new study has found. The new research, which quantifies a phenomenon long observed by critical-care physicians, found that three months after leaving the hospital, 4 in 10 patients continue to have cognitive problems on a par with those seen in cases of moderate traumatic brain injury. And more than a quarter experience a decline in mental function akin to that seen in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease, the study says.
August 7, 2013 |
Older chocoholics may have a new excuse to indulge their cravings: The dark stuff not only soothes the soul, but might also sharpen the mind. In a study published Wednesday in the journal Neurology, researchers reported that chocolate may help improve brain health and thinking skills in the elderly . The Boston-based team found that older people who initially performed poorly on a memory and reasoning test and also had reduced blood flow...
July 4, 2013 |
If you have one of those kids who always has a nose buried in a book, here's a reason to be happy: Scientists say activities at any age that stimulate the brain may help preserve brain power into old age. The scientists assessed 294 people from the Chicago area who were ages 55 and older, using annual tests to measure thinking and memory and questionnaires about past reading, writing and other mentally stimulating activities. At death, which occurred at an average age of just over 89, they looked at their brains for signs of dementia.
June 1, 2013 |
In decades past, if someone mentioned the word "fitness," he or she was probably talking about calisthenic routines performed in a spandex body suit. Today, the term "fitness" is as likely to encompass the body as it is the mind. More than simply memory, "brain fitness" refers to a diverse suite of cognitive functions, including attention, working memory, perception, decision-making and emotional regulation, says Dr. Adam Gazzaley, a neuroscientist at UC San Francisco. "The field of brain fitness is built on the underlying concept of brain plasticity - the idea that the brain can modify or shape itself," he says.
February 13, 2012 |
The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a host of health benefits, including a lower risk of heart disease , cancer and diabetes . A study finds that the diet may also be associated with a decreased chance of small vessel damage in the brain. The diet , popular in Mediterranean countries, includes little red meat but lots of fresh vegetables and fruit, lean proteins, whole grains and healthy monosaturated fats from olive oil and nuts. In the study, released Monday in the Archives of Neurology , researchers analyzed diet information on 966 people, average age 72, who answered a food questionnaire to see how close they came to consuming a Mediterranean diet.
January 17, 2012 |
Retired football players who are overweight could be at greater risk for cognitive problems compared to normal-weight former players, a study finds. Football players might have the health deck stacked against them in other ways, since they're also at risk for brain injury from concussions. Add obesity into the mix and it may up the ante even more. Other studies have shown a link between obesity and cognitive impairment. Researchers analyzed data in two groups: 38 retired NFL players who were at a healthy weight and 38 retired players who were overweight.