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Question: You have mentioned that water hardness can affect the natural pigments in food and result in color changes. Can you explain what is meant by water hardness? Answer: Hard water is simply water that contains natural salts. There are two types of hard water. In one, called "temporarily hard," the calcium, magnesium and iron bicarbonate are precipitated when water is boiled. Over a long period of time, deposits of these mineral salts build up.
January 20, 1987 | JAMES S. GRANELLI, Times Staff Writer
For 19 years, Anaheim-based ICEE-USA has grown steadily even though it ignored diversification, didn't bother to advertise and hardly changed its product--a carbonated drink of crushed ice drenched usually in one of two flavors. Now ICEE, which raised $3.2 million in an initial public offering two years ago, is poised to expand in some areas it has long shunned.
November 18, 1995 | Associated Press
A slow-release sodium fluoride compound, supplemented with calcium, was recommended for approval as a new drug for osteoporosis by a Food and Drug Administration advisory committee on Friday. The recommendation by the FDA endocrinological and metabolic drugs advisory committee is not binding on the agency, but such recommendations generally are followed. If approved, the drug would be marketed by Mission Pharmacal, a manufacturer based in San Antonio.
January 18, 2010
Even a good night's sleep doesn't totally compensate for many weeks of sleep loss. And it's the late-night period when the accumulation of sleep loss may be most apparent. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital examined the effect of weeks of insufficient sleep on performance. They scheduled nine healthy volunteers to live for three weeks on a schedule consisting of 43-hour periods in which they were awake for 33 of those hours. That equals about 5.6 hours of sleep for every 24 hours.
November 4, 1987 | THOMAS H. MAUGH II, Times Science Writer
Boron, a trace element not previously known to be important in the human diet, may play a key role in preventing osteoporosis, a debilitating bone condition that afflicts many older women, U.S. scientists reported in a paper to be published today. If confirmed by additional human studies, the finding may have broad implications because osteoporosis, or the loss of calcium from the bone, affects up to 20 million mostly post-menopausal women in the United States alone.
April 17, 2000 | EMILY DWASS
Television ads make it seem that if you drink the right soda, you'll be cool, popular and exciting. But we know you're smart enough not to believe everything you see and hear. And when it comes to your health, drinking lots of soda may not be wise, especially if you choose them instead of healthier drinks such as milk, juice or water.
April 3, 2011 | By Eryn Brown, Los Angeles Times
A team of Harvard researchers may have discovered a new way to ward off the red, itchy rash caused by allergies to nickel.  All it takes is a dab of topical cream, according to research published online Sunday in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. Thirty million to 45 million people -- more than 10% of the U.S. population -- are sensitive to nickel found in common objects including jewelry and coins, the paper reported.  Among the sufferers: study lead author Jeffrey M. Karp of Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, a nanoparticles specialist who sought a way to treat the irritating allergy.
July 26, 2010 | By Jeannine Stein, Los Angeles Times
Every so often, we take a candid look at the private dietary lives of people whose food choices need a makeover. Up this week: the kitchen and dining habits of 22-year-old Jessica Watson and her boyfriend, 31-year-old Todd Preboski. She's a vegan; he eats fish but no other animal-based foods. Such diets may conjure up images of fresh vegetables and fruits, nuts, tofu and whole grains. But a lack of time and planning have cornered the couple into relying too often on Taco Bell burritos, protein bars and potato chips.
September 11, 2006 | Hilary E. MacGregor, Times Staff Writer
NOTE to the lactose intolerant: When it comes to milk, don't stray far from the federal food guidelines. A new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics, published in the September issue of Pediatrics, says that even children who can't easily digest lactose should consume some dairy foods to make sure they get enough calcium, vitamin D and other nutrients for healthy growth. "A lot of people say they are lactose intolerant, so they can't have any dairy products," said Dr.
May 7, 1990 | KATHLEEN DOHENY, Doheny is a freelance writer in Burbank who writes frequently in The Times
Slowly but steadily, the evils of sunbathing have been etched into American consciousness. Stay out of the sun, most everyone has been warned by physicians at one time or another, to minimize the risk of skin cancer, not to mention an onslaught of wrinkles. If sun worshiping is still a must, so is sunscreen, most doctors say. Now, some researchers are crying "overkill." Getting a little sun, they claim, isn't a bad idea.
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