January 20, 1998 |
The last time Pope John Paul II secretly named someone to the College of Cardinals was in 1979, when he chose Chinese Bishop Ignatius Kung, imprisoned by the Chinese authorities for more than 30 years because he refused to break ties with Rome. When the appointment was finally revealed 12 years later--after former Shanghai Bishop Kung was safely in the United States--the enraged Chinese reacted by arresting Kung's successor as Shanghai bishop, Fan Zhongliang.
December 25, 1989 |
Thousands of Chinese packed churches Christmas Eve to pray and sing joyful hymns once banned by the Communist nation, and church officials said their congregations have grown since last June's crackdown on the pro-democracy movement. Large crowds of worshipers and the merely curious jammed into Beijing's churches for evening Protestant services and midnight Mass at Catholic churches. Some services were so crowded that many worshipers were forced to wait outside in frigid weather.
September 18, 1989 |
John Paul II, who has traveled farther and tried harder to broaden the Roman Catholic Church's international contacts than any Pope before him, is "one for two" in his patient attempts to win a thaw in Vatican relations with the Communist giants. President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's new-look Soviets and their allies in East Europe seem willing to meet the Pope halfway. Paramount leader Deng Xiaoping's Chinese are not at all interested.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
August 6, 1988 |
The bishop of Shanghai arrives promptly at 6:45 every morning to say Mass in Chinese at a private Stamford chapel. He is accompanied by the assistant charged with teaching him the modern ways of the Roman Catholic Church. Observers of his daily ritual say that Bishop Ignatius Kung is a quick student considering his heart condition, 30 years of imprisonment in a Shanghai jail and the fact that until recently he said Mass only in Latin.
May 30, 1988 |
Pope John Paul II on Sunday named 25 new cardinals from 18 countries, including prelates from Lithuania and Hong Kong in a move to bolster the Roman Catholic Church in the Soviet Union and in China, after it assumes control of Hong Kong in 1997. Two Americans, Archbishops James A. Hickey of Washington, D.C., and Edmund C. Szoka of Detroit, were on the list.
April 18, 1988 |
Evangelist Billy Graham was at the pulpit of the Chongwenmen Church on Sunday morning, delivering his first sermon in China, when a sudden worry struck him. Perhaps some members of the mostly Chinese congregation in this dry and dusty city might be unfamiliar with frogs, the subject of the anecdote he was about to deliver. "I hope you have frogs here," he said, a bit of concern and uncertainty creeping into his normally confident voice.