May 18, 1994 |
A new peace effort by Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh stalled, with Azerbaijan holding back from signing a cease-fire agreement. In talks in Moscow on Monday, the two sides agreed on a truce and a withdrawal of forces to form an exclusion zone around Karabakh. But the Azerbaijani delegation returned home without signing the deal.
November 13, 2000 |
Born in Israel, Washington-based journalist Yo'av Karny felt he had a special sympathy for small nations struggling to survive. This is what motivated him to visit the Caucasus, that fabled, mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas containing some 30-odd "nations," or ethnic groups, whose roots stretch back across the centuries.
August 30, 2006 |
The upper part of Georgia's Kodori Gorge is a 25-mile stretch of narrow river valley, with steep slopes rising to snowcapped peaks. It boasts a few scattered villages and a population of about 4,000. In winter, snow cuts off the road to the Georgian capital. So it might seem a strange place for the headquarters of a regional government.
November 14, 2000 |
The split-up of post-communist Yugoslavia in the 1990s was the subject of Robert D. Kaplan's last book of travel and political journalism, "Balkan Ghosts." The possible disintegration of a wider swath of the world in the early 21st century is the subject of "Eastward to Tartary." As in Bosnia and Kosovo, Kaplan warns, the West may have to deal with explosive conflicts in regions--such as the oil-rich Caspian Sea--about which it knows far too little.
March 31, 2010 |
Russia's strategy regarding its mostly Muslim southern republics has varied little over the last decade of turbulence: Answer force with force. Attacks on trains, apartment blocks and schools are met with crushing military campaigns, disappearances and death. But on Tuesday, the day after 39 people were killed in Moscow by female suicide bombers during the morning commute, the government's handling of the Caucasus region came under criticism, even from within. The idea of Russia suffering the wrath of people radicalized by violence in the republics of Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan is nothing new. But this week's attack seemed to pull it back from the margins of discourse.
July 5, 2009 |
Nine Chechen policemen sent to help crush an insurgency in the neighboring Russian republic of Ingushetia were gunned down, Interfax reported, intensifying the cycle of violence now unfolding in the region. Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov ordered his troops across the border into Ingushetia to avenge a suicide bomb attack against a fellow Kremlin appointee in the region, Ingush leader Yunus Bek Yevkurov, who was critically injured. The militants ambushed a convoy of Kadyrov's troops, firing automatic weapons and grenade launchers in one of the deadliest attacks in the volatile North Caucasus region in recent years.