December 24, 1994 |
Russia is now a country at war. The combat theater is small, the location obscure and the casualties likely to remain a relative trickle compared to those in Rwanda or Bosnia. But when the Kremlin decided to break Chechnya's bid for independence by military force, when it began dropping bombs on what it considers Russian towns and shelling Russian citizens, it crossed a line beyond which only one thing is sure: This Eurasian colossus has become a more volatile place.
December 15, 1994 |
Showing no chink in their defiance, rebel Chechens shot down a Russian helicopter gunship Wednesday and steeled themselves for the bloody storm of their capital that they expect when the deadline to submit to Kremlin rule expires today. Peace talks, mired in the dispute over whether the mountainous Muslim republic is part of Russia, broke down, and Chechen President Dzhokar M. Dudayev went on television to exhort his citizens to smite the Russian interlopers until they "die of fear and horror."
December 7, 1994 |
Foiled in its attempts to oust the rebel leader of the breakaway republic of Chechnya, Russia dispatched two key ministers Tuesday to negotiate the release of its prisoners of war. Defense Minister Pavel S. Grachev announced on Russian television late Tuesday that President Dzhokar Dudayev of Chechnya had agreed to release Russian POWs captured 11 days ago during an attempt to storm Dudayev's presidential palace in Grozny, the Chechen capital.
April 12, 1996 |
Eleven fruitless days after President Boris N. Yeltsin unveiled a peace plan for Chechnya, his strategy for ending the war was wedged Thursday between a Russian army commander who vowed to "smash" the rebels if they do not surrender and a political ally who urged the president to talk directly with Chechen separatist leader Dzhokar M. Dudayev.
January 19, 1995 |
Secretary of State Warren Christopher held amicable talks Thursday with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev, clearly indicating that, despite the war raging in Chechnya, the Clinton Administration does not want to penalize Russia for its use of force. Kozyrev, grateful for the Clinton Administration's relatively mild response to Chechnya, promised after the talks ended that Russia will not let the end of the Cold War deteriorate into a "cold peace," as Russian President Boris N.
August 27, 2004 |
Russia has tried hard to establish an atmosphere of normality in this ruined city battered by two wars for independence. Compensation is being paid to some of those who lost their homes, oil revenue is up, and balloting to elect a new president of the Chechen republic is just three days away. But this is Chechnya, Russia's Iraq.
June 26, 2000 |
He is a 31-year-old former oil refinery worker who grew up in Shali, a town in Chechnya that tried to stay out of the Chechen war. He was a "peaceful, normal guy" who decided not to fight with the rebels against the Russian army. But Rasul, who gives only his first name, has become a killer who sleeps in the woods by day and shoots at Russian soldiers by night.
January 29, 1997 |
Aslan Maskhadov, the military commander who helped bring peace to separatist Chechnya, proclaimed himself the new president of the southern republic Tuesday on the basis of leaked, partial election results. Surrounded by armed guards and solemn advisors in fur hats, Maskhadov--the Chechen candidate whom Moscow preferred--swept into a postelection meeting with journalists and listened impassively as his spokesman announced his victory. "Today we start the first press conference with Mr.
September 26, 1999 |
With the spate of recent terrorist bombings in Moscow and southern Russia, the nation learned a name already familiar, and frightening, to Americans: Osama bin Laden. After the apartment bombings that killed more than 300 Russians and terrified the nation this month, the Saudi millionaire's name was suddenly all over the Russian media, and the threat of international terrorism was on every politician's lips.
August 13, 1999 |
Amid signs that fighting in the Russian republic of Dagestan has spread into neighboring Chechnya, military officials for the first time acknowledged Thursday that they face serious problems in their bid to control a guerrilla rebellion in Dagestan, a troubled southern region. Russian planes continued rocket and bomb attacks in the area of seven Dagestani villages seized by Islamic militants who invaded from nearby Chechnya last weekend.