May 5, 1989 |
Chinese students, ignoring police lines, Thursday turned Tian An Men Square in central Beijing into the scene of a festive pro-democracy celebration, then declared an end to nearly three weeks of protests. "Today is a very big victory," said a man in a crowd of about 150,000 that poured into the downtown square Thursday afternoon after police abandoned efforts to limit access to it. "To have such a big demonstration after the government tried to stop it is no simple thing." Thursday's demonstration was spearheaded by about 40,000 students who approached the square in orderly columns from various directions and pushed through lines of police who offered only token resistance.
October 19, 1992 |
Deng Xiaoping, hailed at China's Communist Party Congress last week as the grand architect of economic reform, learned his petit bourgeois ethics as the operator of a small restaurant in Paris, an official newspaper reported Friday. Shanghai's Xinmin Evening News said Deng opened the China Beancurd Shop in June, 1922, to finance his studies in France. Zhou Enlai, who eventually became Communist China's prime minister, gave him the idea, it said.
July 8, 1989 |
China canceled summer vacations Friday for all government and Communist Party workers nationwide, saying they need to make up for economic losses during the recent unrest and warning that those who flout the ban will be punished. The order, carried by the Communist Party newspaper People's Daily, was issued as an "urgent notice" by the party Central Committee and the State Council, China's Cabinet, which oversees government agencies.
June 9, 1990 |
China's Communist Party announced Friday that it has expelled a former deputy railway minister and eight lesser officials for corruption, national radio reported. Luo Yunguang was the highest ranking official to be expelled from the party for bribe-taking. He was dismissed from his official post in April. He was the ringleader of a group of 48 people who accepted 960,000 yuan ($203,821) in bribes in exchange for business favors, the radio said.
October 24, 1987 |
Through the ups and downs of his long career, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping made a practical-minded slogan world-famous: "It doesn't matter whether a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice." The slogan captured the essence of Deng's argument with the late Chairman Mao Tse-tung, who stressed being "red" over being "expert."
January 6, 2001 |
A previously secret collection of documents released Friday provides the first inside account of the power struggle within China's Communist Party leadership that led up to its bloody 1989 crackdown on protesters in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.
April 5, 1990 |
Premier Li Peng said Wednesday that China's Communist leadership is united and capable of defeating any threat to its rule, an apparent allusion to last year's huge pro-democracy protests. "The core of leadership in China, with General Secretary Jiang Zemin as the nucleus, is united, it is strong and I believe that it commands the support of the Chinese people," Li told a press conference at the Great Hall of the People.
July 1, 1989 |
As China's embattled Communist Party tried to put on its best face for its 68th anniversary today, the Beijing leadership conceded Friday that there had been more civilian casualties than it first admitted in the bloody June 3-4 crackdown on the pro-democracy movement. At the same time, the moderate party chief who broke ranks to support that movement was stripped of his last government post.
December 11, 1989 |
Why did events come out so differently this year in Eastern Europe than in China? Why did the movements toward democratic changes succeed in Warsaw, Prague, Budapest and East Berlin while failing in Beijing? Scholars point to several factors that help explain why the Chinese regime was willing and able to carry out a forceful crackdown while East European governments were not.
January 30, 1987 |
Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang sought Thursday to set down some well-defined limits to prevent the Communist Party campaign against "bourgeois liberalization" and Western influence from getting out of hand. Speaking at a ceremony in the Great Hall of the People to celebrate the beginning of the lunar New Year, Zhao said the campaign will apply only to the 44 million members of the party and not to the rest of the people.