August 21, 1992 |
Pascal Lissouba, a geneticist and former Marxist prime minister, Thursday became the first democratically elected president of Congo since its independence from France more than 30 years ago. The national electoral commission said final results of the presidential election showed that Lissouba, 61, won 61.3% of the vote, compared to 38.7% for his anti-Communist rival, Bernard Kolelas.
June 16, 2001 |
The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to extend for a year the peacekeeping mission in Congo in hopes of overseeing the withdrawal of foreign forces and disarming combatants. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan can decide at any time over the next year to increase the number of peacekeepers to their authorized strength of 5,537 troops and military observers, up from 2,366, the resolution said.
December 2, 2004 |
U.N. observers encountered what they believed to be about 100 Rwandan troops in eastern Congo, a U.N. official said Wednesday, marking the first reported sighting by the United Nations since Rwanda threatened to send forces against Rwandan Hutu rebels sheltering here. The suspected Rwandan troops withdrew toward Rwanda after Tuesday's encounter, M'Hand Ladjouzi, head of the U.N. mission at Goma, said at a news conference.
October 17, 2001 |
Archenemies in Congo's war traded angry words at the start of peace talks, showing little inclination to make the compromises that a desperate population is praying will end three years of fighting. Rebels, government officials, political parties and civic groups are meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to try to end a war believed to have claimed more than 1 million lives.
November 21, 2008 |
The U.N. Security Council on Thursday authorized increasing the number of peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo by as many as 2,785 military personnel and 300 police. Now it's up to the United Nations peacekeeping operations to recruit volunteers from among the armed forces of member states. The majority of the 17,000 soldiers already in the region are Indian or Pakistani.
January 16, 2005 |
Five of the few northern white rhinoceroses left in the wild will be evacuated from Congo to prevent poachers from wiping them out, conservationists said Saturday. Fewer than 10 of the rhinos are believed to remain in the wild and with heavily armed poachers carrying out frequent raids in northeastern Congo, flying the animals to sanctuary in Kenya is deemed the only option to guarantee their survival.
December 19, 2005 |
The Democratic Republic of Congo's war-weary citizens voted in the first national ballot in more than three decades Sunday, deciding on a draft constitution meant to put the country on the path to democracy and lasting peace. About 24 million people in the central African nation were registered to vote on the charter, which would grant greater autonomy to mineral-laden regions but was viewed by many as another attempt by corrupt politicians to enrich themselves.
November 28, 2011 |
In the Democratic Republic of Congo's second stab at democracy since the end of a ruinous civil war, President Joseph Kabila is likely to cling to power. But Monday's election is already so flawed that the result will probably be contested, and the odds of violence or even a return to war are high, analysts and human rights activists warn. After the last poll in 2006, security forces killed hundreds of opposition protesters in the capital, Kinshasa. And that was when Kabila was still popular.
April 10, 2009 |
At least 90 women have been raped and 180 villagers killed in the last two months by rebels as well as government forces in volatile eastern Congo, according to Human Rights Watch. The group said it documented the rapes, killings and burning of dozens of villages by the rebel Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda. The mainly Rwandan force fled into Congo after orchestrating the 1994 genocide of an estimated 800,000 people. Their presence has been a major problem and in January, Congo allowed Rwandan troops to enter the country in a joint effort to root out the rebels.