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Court Rulings

BACKGROUND: Last March, an American missionary couple, Bill and Roberta Rees, filed suit in Tokyo asking the Japanese government to recognize the citizenship rights of their adoptive son, Andrew. (View, March 31, 1992) Andrew was abandoned by his mother, who is believed to be Filipino, shortly after his birth. Japan's Justice Ministry has refused to recognize Andrew as Japanese and registered him as a stateless foreigner. The Philippine government also refused to give Andrew citizenship.
January 11, 2007 | From Bloomberg News
Western Union Co., the largest U.S. money-transfer company, said Wednesday that it had won a court ruling that bars Arizona from seizing funds sent by customers in other states to Mexico as part of a probe into drug and immigrant smuggling. Arizona Atty. Gen. Terry Goddard obtained a warrant in September to intercept transfers of $500 or more between 28 U.S. states and 26 places in Sonora, Mexico, so he could look for criminal ties.
September 7, 2001 | From Times Wire Reports
The Iowa Supreme Court unanimously struck down a law that gave grandparents the right to spend time with their grandchildren, ruling it interfered with parental rights. The court said the law substituted "sentimentality for constitutionality." Short of a decision that parents were unfit and incapable of deciding who should visit their child, neither courts nor the Legislature can interfere, the court said.
June 21, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
The Kansas Supreme Court ruled that juveniles have a constitutional right to a jury trial, a surprise decision that could influence courts in other states and force local prosecutors to retry hundreds of open cases. In a 6-1 decision, the court based its ruling partly on a provision of the Kansas Constitution that states defendants "in all prosecutions" are guaranteed a speedy jury trial. Courts generally have said for several decades that states aren't required to have jury trials for juveniles as they are for adult defendants.
May 27, 1998 | Reuters
In a landmark move, China's Supreme Court said Tuesday that it would accept rulings by Taiwan's civil courts to protect the rights of residents of the island, which Beijing considers a rebel province. Rulings by civil courts and arbitration by institutions in Taiwan would have the same validity as law in China after confirmation by Chinese courts.
March 20, 1985
The justices, by a 9-0 vote, upheld Georgia court rulings permitting that state to collect property taxes from banks after allowing only a limited deduction for the federal securities held by those banks. In an opinion written by Justice Harry A. Blackmun, the court said states do not have to deduct the full value of tax-exempt U.S. obligations when calculating a bank's property tax liability.
September 9, 1987
Some of the key court cases involving students who have been exposed to the AIDS virus and their attendance at public schools: April 11, 1986: A temporary injunction sought by high school parents in Kokomo, Ind., to bar Ryan White, a 14-year-old victim of acquired immune deficiency syndrome, from class, was refused. The student, who had been kept at home, was ordered to attend school. County Circuit Judge Jack R.
December 28, 1987 | AL DELUGACH, Times Staff Writer
State and federal securities law enforcers complain that they have been hamstrung in efforts to shut down so-called "boiler room" operations in Southern California because two recent appeals court rulings have created a no-man's land in the regulation of gold and other commodities they call "exotic securities." However skeptically an enterprise may be viewed by the public watchdogs, pitchmen who sell such investments over the telephone now are sheltered from the enforcers.
The Supreme Court, in a strong assertion of its own final authority, ruled Tuesday that Congress cannot reopen cases that have been finally decided by the federal courts. The 7-2 ruling brings to an end several large lawsuits alleging investment fraud, which the court in 1991 said were filed too late. Upset by the court's reading of the securities law, Congress took the rather unusual step of hurriedly passing a new measure that specifically revived those lawsuits.
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