August 3, 1988 |
The South African government, proposing the first timetable for peace in southwestern Africa, called Tuesday for a cease-fire next week in Angola's 13-year-old civil war and offered to begin pulling out of Namibia on Nov. 1 and to allow free elections there by June. Foreign Minister Roelof (Pik) Botha, at a news conference in the capital of Pretoria, said the proposals were made in Geneva at the resumption of U.S.-mediated Angolan peace negotiations involving South Africa, Angola and Cuba.
July 27, 1988 |
In a speech that hurled surprising barbs at the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro said Tuesday that the end of the civil war in Angola is in sight. The Cuban leader also rejected any suggestion that he mimic Soviet Communist chief's Mikhail S. Gorbachev's perestroika (restructuring) program. "We are now on the threshold of a political solution (in Angola)," Castro told a crowd of 100,000 celebrating the 35th anniversary of the start of the Cuban Revolution here.
July 15, 1988 |
Timetables for a Cuban pullout from Angola and a South African withdrawal from Namibia could be worked out by the end of the year after an agreement in principle among the countries involved, State Department officials said Thursday. But the officials warned that a settlement of Angola's 13-year-old civil war, the conflict at the heart of the U.S.-mediated negotiations in southern Africa, has not yet been found and almost surely will take much longer.
July 14, 1988 |
The withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola as part of a peace settlement in southern Africa--if it follows the agreement in principle announced Wednesday--should further improve prospects for better relations between the world's two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev clearly played a facilitating role in the new Angola agreement, according to Administration and other experts.
May 5, 1988 |
Declaring that "progress was made," four nations involved in talks to end the 13-year-old Angolan civil war agreed Wednesday to meet again in Africa within the next few weeks. "The principle involved in an Angola-Namibia settlement does exist," said U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Chester A. Crocker, who headed the negotiations, the first of their kind in one of the world's longest regional conflicts. "It's ready to be pursued."
May 4, 1988 |
The first four-nation talks to try to end one of the world's longest regional conflicts, the 13-year-old Angolan civil war, began here Tuesday in an atmosphere described as "friendly and constructive." Diplomats cautioned that the initial round of negotiations, expected to last two days, is unlikely to produce any immediate result. But the meeting itself is viewed as a breakthrough because it brings together opposing factions in the conflict, including the United States, for the first time.
April 29, 1988 |
The Cuban government said Thursday that 26 Cuban soldiers, including a general, were killed when their plane was shot down by mistake by Cuban anti-aircraft batteries in southern Angola. The unusually frank armed forces communique said that Brig. Gen. Francisco Cruz Bourzac was among the victims. He was Cuba's vice minister for armament and a member of the Communist Party central committee.