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October 28, 2013 | By Monte Morin
German doctors have successfully implanted insulin-producing cells in a patient with Type 1 diabetes using a specially constructed chamber system that does not require the use of immunosuppresant drugs, according to a new study. In a paper published Monday in the journal PNAS, researchers said the islets, or clusters of cells, remained alive for 10 months and were not rejected by the 56-year-old patient's immune system. However, the implantation offered only moderate health improvements and requires further refinement.
July 23, 2013 | By Titania Kumeh
A diagnosis of breast cancer is more likely to lead to early death for black women than for white women, a disparity that's mainly the result of having more health problems before cancer develops, new research shows. Of the black women on Medicare who were told they had breast cancer, 55.9% were still alive five years later. That compared with 68.8% of white women who were the same age, lived in the same area and were diagnosed in the same year, according to a study published in Wednesday's edition of the Journal of the American Medical Assn.
July 17, 2013 | By Ricardo Lopez
File this one under the Celebrities Under Fire column: Shaquille O'Neal, the retired NBA player, recently announced he was launching a line of low-calorie sodas with Arizona Beverages called Soda Shaq Cream Soda.  But like other celebrities who hawk sodas, O'Neal has come under fire by some consumer groups for promoting sugar-laden soft drinks.  PHOTOS: The strangest business sponsorships The Center for Science in the...
July 2, 2013 | By Melissa Healy
The twin plagues of economic hardship and low academic attainment turn out to be an inflammatory problem, not just for society but for the human bodies beset by them. And for many, including those in minority groups who disproportionately experience stunted economic and academic prospects, high rates of Type 2 diabetes are the common result, a new study says. The new research, based on a long-running study of British government workers, offers a partial explanation for a trend that is firmly established in industrialized democracies -- that where calories are plentifully available, those clinging to the lower rungs of the economic ladder are most likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.
June 28, 2013 | By Brad Balukjian
A "reverse vaccine" that allows people with Type 1 diabetes to produce their own insulin has passed its first test with human subjects, according to a new study. The success points to a potential new strategy for treating those in the early stages of the disease, experts said. The therapy is designed to protect cells in the pancreas that make insulin, a hormone the body needs to convert sugars and starches into energy. In people with Type 1 diabetes, the immune system goes haywire and attacks those crucial insulin-producing cells for reasons that medical researchers don't understand.
June 21, 2013 | By Meredith Blake
Let's face it: Paula Deen has had a rough week. The Food Network star renowned for her gluttonous cuisine became the target of widespread derision after she admitted to past use of the N-word . On Thursday night, “The Daily Show” joined in the Deen pile-on, suggesting the chef suffers from “Type 2 racism.” Host John Oliver began by wondering exactly which N-word Deen uttered because, he joked, “I know it wasn't nonfat.”...
June 17, 2013 | By Eryn Brown
Nutritionists known for issuing warnings about the health risks of eating red meat reiterated their message this week, confirming a link between red meat consumption and Type 2 diabetes -- and showing, in a new follow-up study, that the association persists over time. The team, which included Harvard School of Public Health epidemiologist Dr. Walter Willett , reported that people who said they increased their intake of red meat -- beef, pork or lamb -- over a four-year period had a higher chance of developing Type 2 diabetes in the subsequent four-year period than people who said the amount of red meat they ate stayed stable or went down.
June 15, 2013 | By James S. Fell
Fear can be a powerful motivator, at least at first. Actor and comedian Anthony Anderson understands that sticking to an exercise regimen and improving eating habits takes more than a disquieting conversation with a physician to sustain motivation. I'm married to a family physician, and she laments how many patients ignore the "if you don't change you're going to die" warning. But Anthony changed, and it's because he learned that feeling a sense of duty to his family and becoming passionate about healthful living are the secrets to ditching years of bad habits, losing weight, decreasing his risk of heart attack and getting his Type 2 diabetes under control.
June 10, 2013 | By Melissa Healy
For older patients with Type 2 diabetes, an aggressive focus on keeping high blood sugar down increases the risk of driving blood sugar too low--and with that, boosting the likelihood of developing dementia, says a new study. As if that weren't bad enough, the new research finds that dementia, in turn, increases the risk of hypoglycemic episodes. The potential result, write a pair of experts publishing in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, is "a vicious cycle of adverse events. " The latest research is likely to reignite a long-simmering debate over how tightly to control blood-sugar levels in those with Type 2 diabetes.
May 29, 2013 | By Eryn Brown
Particular combinations of bacteria in the human digestive system can identify patients who have or are likely to develop Type 2 diabetes, scientists reported Wednesday in the online edition of the journal Nature . But the precise combinations of microbes that influence development of the disease may vary among patients of different ages, sexes and ethnicities, the Swedish and Danish researchers said - which means that more study will be...
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