CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 19, 1996 |
The first large trial of a new vaccine against rotavirus, the most common cause of diarrhea in children, has shown that it markedly reduces illness. Rotavirus causes the hospitalization of more than 50,000 children in the United States each year, killing 100. Worldwide, the virus causes 1 million deaths per year. Dr.
June 2, 1999 |
It can kill a baby in a day, causing such swift, severe dehydration that the infant cannot even produce the tears to cry. Rotaviral diarrhea is the world's second leading killer of children 5 and younger, trailing only pneumonia. Not to be confused with the ailment that strikes travelers abroad, it is a virus that infects virtually every child on Earth. It's spread as simply as a tiny hand touching a dirty diaper, then a mouth or bottle nipple.
March 12, 2006 |
A week before your trip to Mexico, the express mail van drops off a small package that might just save your vacation. You open it carefully and dial the number listed on the instruction sheet. The nurse who answers gives you instructions on how to prepare, then drink the vaccine that's just been delivered. You stir it into a flavored beverage and drink it, hoping it will protect you from traveler's diarrhea. That scenario may sound like fantasy but could be closer to reality than you think.
February 9, 2006 |
Developing nations need to adopt simple, proven methods of preventing diarrhea and malnutrition, which kill an estimated 7 million children each year, delegates to an international congress said. Malnutrition is linked to nearly 60% of the deaths of children younger than 5, mostly in Asia and Africa. Diarrhea is responsible for an additional 20% of the deaths.
January 7, 1993 |
Ban Sought on Diarrhea Drugs: A consumer group will ask the Food and Drug Administration today to ban or relabel a variety of widely used drugs for treating pediatric diarrhea, calling them ineffective and dangerous. Public Citizen wants the FDA to ban pediatric dosage forms of Imodium A-D--the best-selling over-the-counter anti-diarrheal drug in the United States--as well as the prescription drug Lomotil.
June 26, 1991 |
Diarrhea and respiratory diseases such as pneumonia killed 7.5 million children last year, but child deaths in the Third World could be slashed through simple treatment, the World Health Organization said. Director General Hiroshi Nakajima said diarrhea deaths could be cut by half over 10 years, mainly by treatment with oral rehydration salts. Pneumonia fatalities could be reduced by a third through use of oral antibiotics. Both treatments cost less than 50 cents per person.