January 5, 2006 |
Two competing vaccines designed to combat rotaviral diarrhea, one of the world's leading causes of childhood death, sharply reduced severe disease and hospitalizations, according to the results of two unusually large clinical trials released Wednesday. In the developing world, widespread vaccinations would significantly decrease the 600,000 fatal cases annually of children younger than 5, experts said.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 19, 1996 |
The first large trial of a new vaccine against rotavirus, the most common cause of diarrhea in children, has shown that it markedly reduces illness. Rotavirus causes the hospitalization of more than 50,000 children in the United States each year, killing 100. Worldwide, the virus causes 1 million deaths per year. Dr.
July 26, 2005 |
Mountain climbers drawn to the icy wilderness of North America's highest peak -- 20,320-foot Mt. McKinley in Alaska -- grapple with hygiene along with high altitude. In a place where temperatures can drop to minus 40 degrees and winds often gust to 100 mph, some climbers find it easier to go to the bathroom outside their tents or just off the trail instead of wandering farther afield or bringing disposable devices.
June 2, 1999 |
It can kill a baby in a day, causing such swift, severe dehydration that the infant cannot even produce the tears to cry. Rotaviral diarrhea is the world's second leading killer of children 5 and younger, trailing only pneumonia. Not to be confused with the ailment that strikes travelers abroad, it is a virus that infects virtually every child on Earth. It's spread as simply as a tiny hand touching a dirty diaper, then a mouth or bottle nipple.
March 12, 2006 |
A week before your trip to Mexico, the express mail van drops off a small package that might just save your vacation. You open it carefully and dial the number listed on the instruction sheet. The nurse who answers gives you instructions on how to prepare, then drink the vaccine that's just been delivered. You stir it into a flavored beverage and drink it, hoping it will protect you from traveler's diarrhea. That scenario may sound like fantasy but could be closer to reality than you think.
February 9, 2006 |
Developing nations need to adopt simple, proven methods of preventing diarrhea and malnutrition, which kill an estimated 7 million children each year, delegates to an international congress said. Malnutrition is linked to nearly 60% of the deaths of children younger than 5, mostly in Asia and Africa. Diarrhea is responsible for an additional 20% of the deaths.