June 23, 1990 |
With rebel groups closing in, embattled Ethiopian President Mengistu Haile Mariam has admitted his country is on the verge of collapse. Urging the people in an impassioned speech to Parliament on Thursday to rally and save the nation, Mengistu for the first time confirmed rebel reports of fierce fighting north of the capital, Addis Ababa, and the Red Sea province of Eritrea. "Citizens must realize . . .
June 6, 1990 |
Ethiopian rebels warned Tuesday that if a proposal to use Soviet aircraft to take U.S. food aid to famine victims goes ahead, the planes could be attacked. Presidents Bush and Mikhail S. Gorbachev agreed last weekend on the proposal to help speed up food deliveries.
June 4, 1990 |
The unexpected U.S.-Soviet pledge to begin a joint airlift of food aid to hungry Ethiopians is symbolic of a major new effort by the two countries to work together in ending one of Africa's longest running civil wars, Administration officials said Sunday.
March 10, 1990 |
Heavy fighting between government and rebel forces has all but destroyed a Red Sea port crucial to the famine-relief effort in northern Ethiopia, aid officials and diplomats here believe. The result is that more than 2 million people in that region may face starvation this year, even if peace quickly returns--itself an unlikely prospect. The toll could approach that of the Ethiopian famine of 1984-85, when up to a million people starved to death.
February 16, 1990 |
No famine relief food has been trucked from Ethiopia's northern port of Massawa for a week because of fierce fighting between government and rebel forces along the Red Sea coast, church groups reported. The U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization repeated a warning that 1.1 million tons of grain will be needed to ward off starvation threatening 4 million people in Ethiopia. House-to-house fighting was reported between Eritrean rebels and government troops battling for control of Massawa.
February 15, 1990 |
Ethiopian rebels claimed to have killed hundreds of government troops in recent fighting. The Eritrean People's Liberation Front said it killed 600 troops in fighting around Keren, and the Tigre People's Liberation Front said it killed 1,800 in Wollo Province. Neither claim could be confirmed.
February 12, 1990 |
Government troops and secessionist rebels battled for a fourth day Sunday for Ethiopia's vital Red Sea port of Massawa, state radio said. The Sunday morning broadcast by the government-controlled station conflicted with a report Saturday night by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front that it had captured the city.
February 11, 1990 |
Rebels in Ethiopia's northern province of Eritrea said Saturday that they have captured the strategic Red Sea port of Massawa after launching a major offensive two days ago. "The entire town is under the control of the EPLF," Yemane Gabre Meskel, a spokesman for the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, said by telephone from London. "We received the news about an hour ago but have no more details for the time being."
January 22, 1990 |
The Bush Administration has told Israel that it opposes secret shipments of cluster bombs to the Marxist government of Ethiopia for use against rebel troops and villages, officials said Sunday. Officials said they have received several credible reports that Ethiopia's air force has recently begun dropping cluster bombs, which hurl deadly shrapnel over a wide area, in rebel-held areas. If the bombs were U.S.-made or based on U.S.
December 28, 1989 |
A U.N. agency appealed Wednesday for 700,000 tons of food to avert widespread starvation in northern Ethiopia, where as many as 4 million people are threatened by famine. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization said its estimate was based on a recent crop survey, which found that serious drought had cut harvests by nearly 80% in Eritrea province and 50% in Eritrea's southern neighbor, Tigre.