August 17, 1991 |
South Africa and the United Nations on Friday cleared the way for thousands of South Africans who fled apartheid to return home. Douglas Stafford, deputy U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, and Pretoria's ambassador to Geneva, Leslie Manley, initialed an agreement granting an amnesty for political crimes to an estimated 40,000 exiles. "This agreement marks the beginning of the end of a 30-year-long human tragedy," U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata said in a statement from Japan.
August 15, 1991 |
On that night six years ago, there was just the border and an old man. Ahead lay the road--away from South Africa. The old man watched for army patrols as Nkululeko Sowazi and three others slipped across the border. Sowazi remembers that the man spoke few words, and how the words hung in the night air. "You must return," he said, "because we need you." Now, Sowazi is packing away the mementos of exile. He will carry them, a bachelor's degree, and a master's degree from UCLA, across the Atlantic.
May 19, 1991 |
The African National Congress declared Saturday that it will not take part in planned constitutional talks with the white-minority-led government until President Frederik W. de Klerk acts decisively to stop violence in black townships and ban the carrying of Zulu spears. But ANC leaders said they will maintain other contacts with the government, including discussions on the violence.
April 30, 1991
Despite frenzied, last-minute efforts, the South African government isn't going to make its deadline today for granting indemnity to political exiles and freeing political prisoners. So far, the government has freed 650 prisoners and promised not to prosecute 4,000 exiles. It says it still is considering amnesty applications from 200 prisoners, but the ANC counts 1,300 political prisoners whom it says should be freed immediately. As yet, President Frederik W.
March 8, 1991 |
The first planeload of exiled African National Congress supporters returned Thursday to South Africa, greeted by hundreds of singing and cheering relatives and friends. "It is very good to be back," said Joel Diamond, 48, thrusting his fists in the air as he entered Jan Smuts International Airport. "The struggle continues." Outside the airport, police at one point used dogs to try to disperse the waiting crowd.
December 14, 1990 |
Oliver R. Tambo, who stole out of South Africa in 1960 on a secret mission to rebuild the banned African National Congress in exile, returned home Thursday to a tumultuous welcome after three decades as external leader of the liberation movement. The 73-year-old ANC president, appearing frail but smiling broadly, was greeted at the airport by a throng of ANC leaders, foreign ambassadors and anti-apartheid dignitaries.