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SCIENCE
February 4, 2014 | By Julie Cart
Twenty years of federal and local efforts to save the Oregon chub, a tiny minnow found only in the Willamette River Basin floodplain, have brought the fish to the verge of being taken off the endangered species list. If the effort is successful, the chub will be the first fish de-listed because its species is considered recovered. Chub thrive in habitats with little water flow and were imperiled by habitat loss and threats from nonnative fish. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and private landowners collaborated to restore habitat and natural water flows.
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FOOD
February 4, 2014 | By S. Irene Virbila
Crisp and nervy, this Txakolina from the Spanish Basque country has more depth than most and a welcome minerality. Scented with Key lime and jasmine, it ends on a slight bitter note, just enough to make you want to take another sip. A serious wine. Of course, it's a brilliant match with crudo or sushi, a chilled seafood platter or grilled fish. Have it with salt-cured anchovies drizzled with olive oil, which is what winemakers typically serve with their Txakolina in the tasting room.
BUSINESS
January 29, 2014 | By Shan Li
California wildlife officials have banned fishing in several rivers to protect salmon and steelhead trout during a severe drought that follows the state's driest year on record. Fish populations are in danger as low levels in many of the Golden State's waters could prevent them from migrating and spawning, according to a statement from the state's Department of Fish and Wildlife. "Two-thirds of the wettest part of winter is now behind us and conditions are looking increasingly grim," Charlton Bonham, the department's director, said in the statement.
WORLD
January 27, 2014 | By Adriana Leon and Chris Kraul
LIMA, Peru -- A territorial dispute between Chile and Peru ended Monday with an international court awarding Peru a triangle of Pacific Ocean territory covering thousands of square miles rich in fishing and other natural resources. Peru filed the claim at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in 2008, alleging that marine boundaries had never formally been set by the two countries. Chile's position was that the line had been defined in agreements signed in 1952 and 1954, which Peru argued were strictly fishing accords.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 27, 2014 | By Tony Barboza
Compliance with restrictions on fishing at marine sanctuaries off the coast of Southern California appears to be high two years after the reserves were created. The Marine Protected Areas bar or limit fishing in 50 zones spanning 15% of state waters from Santa Barbara County to the Mexican border. They took effect in the state's busiest region in 2012, with some favored fishing spots remaining open and others placed almost entirely off-limits to promote marine life conservation.
SCIENCE
January 21, 2014 | By Geoffrey Mohan
Fish don't have fingers, but they could. That conclusion, drawn by a team of researchers in Switzerland, casts new light on the evolution of four-legged land vertebrates, suggesting that a flick of a switch could have repurposed the bony radials of fins to become the fingers and toes of land-based animals. The DNA programming architecture necessary to create such digits was present in the ancient genome of fish, before the emergence of amphibians, according to the researchers, who published their findings Tuesday in the online journal PLOS Biology.
NATIONAL
January 15, 2014 | By Maria L. La Ganga
SEATTLE - The largest open-pit mine in North America, proposed for Alaska's wild and remote Bristol Bay region, would have a devastating effect on the world's biggest sockeye salmon fishery and the Alaska Natives and fishermen who depend on it, according to a federal report released Wednesday. After completing three years of scientific study, conducting eight hearings and sifting through more than a million public comments, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency concluded that the proposed Pebble Mine could destroy up to 94 miles of streams where salmon spawn and migrate and up to 5,350 acres of wetlands, ponds and lakes.
SCIENCE
January 13, 2014 | By Geoffrey Mohan
You've met the front of Tiktaalik roseae , the fish-like creature that fills an important gap between fish and four-legged, land-based animals. Now, the hindquarters of the 375-million-year-old fossil are having their close-up moment, and they're showing a pelvis that marks it farther along the evolutionary track from fin to limb. Discovered in the Canadian Arctic in 2004, and introduced to the scientific world two years later, Tiktaalik roseae demonstrates the predictive power of Darwin's theory of evolution -- a transitional creature found on the timeline precisely where the theory assumed it ought to be. Tiktaalik, an Inuit word for “large, freshwater fish,” had a skeletal structure that likely allowed it to support itself with its front and back fins, and “walk” with them, at least in shallow waters, according to a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
SCIENCE
January 8, 2014 | By Deborah Netburn
Scientists have discovered more than 180 species of biofluorescent fish that glow in neon shades of blue, red, orange and green -- most of them hiding out in tropical coral reefs. Some of the fish glow just around their eyes. Others have intricate fluorescent patterns on their bellies or backs. And some of the fish glow all the way through their bodies. If you slice a false moray eel like a salami and shine a blue light on it, the entire cross-section would illuminate. And it turns out that reef fish that are the most mottled and brown and difficult to see are the ones that tend to fluoresce the most.
WORLD
December 26, 2013 | By Carol J. Williams
A school of carnivorous fish attacked hundreds of Argentines cooling off in a river near the city of Rosario, sending at least 70 to local clinics and emergency rooms for treatment. The attack by palometas, a type of piranha, occurred as city dwellers attempted to escape the 100-degree heat of Christmas Day in the Southern Hemisphere's summer season. "There were some people that the fish literally had torn bits of flesh from," a medical official at the scene, Gustavo Centurion, was quoted as saying by the Latin Times newspaper.
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