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January 27, 2014 | By Adriana Leon and Chris Kraul
LIMA, Peru -- A territorial dispute between Chile and Peru ended Monday with an international court awarding Peru a triangle of Pacific Ocean territory covering thousands of square miles rich in fishing and other natural resources. Peru filed the claim at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in 2008, alleging that marine boundaries had never formally been set by the two countries. Chile's position was that the line had been defined in agreements signed in 1952 and 1954, which Peru argued were strictly fishing accords.
January 21, 2014 | By Geoffrey Mohan
Fish don't have fingers, but they could. That conclusion, drawn by a team of researchers in Switzerland, casts new light on the evolution of four-legged land vertebrates, suggesting that a flick of a switch could have repurposed the bony radials of fins to become the fingers and toes of land-based animals. The DNA programming architecture necessary to create such digits was present in the ancient genome of fish, before the emergence of amphibians, according to the researchers, who published their findings Tuesday in the online journal PLOS Biology.
January 15, 2014 | By Maria L. La Ganga
SEATTLE - The largest open-pit mine in North America, proposed for Alaska's wild and remote Bristol Bay region, would have a devastating effect on the world's biggest sockeye salmon fishery and the Alaska Natives and fishermen who depend on it, according to a federal report released Wednesday. After completing three years of scientific study, conducting eight hearings and sifting through more than a million public comments, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency concluded that the proposed Pebble Mine could destroy up to 94 miles of streams where salmon spawn and migrate and up to 5,350 acres of wetlands, ponds and lakes.
January 13, 2014 | By Geoffrey Mohan
You've met the front of Tiktaalik roseae , the fish-like creature that fills an important gap between fish and four-legged, land-based animals. Now, the hindquarters of the 375-million-year-old fossil are having their close-up moment, and they're showing a pelvis that marks it farther along the evolutionary track from fin to limb. Discovered in the Canadian Arctic in 2004, and introduced to the scientific world two years later, Tiktaalik roseae demonstrates the predictive power of Darwin's theory of evolution -- a transitional creature found on the timeline precisely where the theory assumed it ought to be. Tiktaalik, an Inuit word for “large, freshwater fish,” had a skeletal structure that likely allowed it to support itself with its front and back fins, and “walk” with them, at least in shallow waters, according to a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
January 8, 2014 | By Deborah Netburn
Scientists have discovered more than 180 species of biofluorescent fish that glow in neon shades of blue, red, orange and green -- most of them hiding out in tropical coral reefs. Some of the fish glow just around their eyes. Others have intricate fluorescent patterns on their bellies or backs. And some of the fish glow all the way through their bodies. If you slice a false moray eel like a salami and shine a blue light on it, the entire cross-section would illuminate. And it turns out that reef fish that are the most mottled and brown and difficult to see are the ones that tend to fluoresce the most.
December 26, 2013 | By Carol J. Williams
A school of carnivorous fish attacked hundreds of Argentines cooling off in a river near the city of Rosario, sending at least 70 to local clinics and emergency rooms for treatment. The attack by palometas, a type of piranha, occurred as city dwellers attempted to escape the 100-degree heat of Christmas Day in the Southern Hemisphere's summer season. "There were some people that the fish literally had torn bits of flesh from," a medical official at the scene, Gustavo Centurion, was quoted as saying by the Latin Times newspaper.
December 21, 2013 | Bill Dwyre
There is life after basketball, and Ben Howland has found it. There were the two weeks of fly-fishing in Montana and Wyoming this summer, with some spectacular success, unless you were a rainbow, cutthroat, brook or brown. "Oh, man," Howland says. "I never had time for that before. I'll send you some pictures. " And he does. There has been the kind of family time that a UCLA basketball coach just doesn't get. This year's Christmas card shows family among the swaying palm trees of Maui, with grandson Little Ben stealing the photo.
December 19, 2013
Bernard L. Shaw Bodyguard married Patricia Hearst Bernard L. Shaw, 68, a San Francisco police officer who served as Patty Hearst's bodyguard and later married her, died Tuesday in Garrison, N.Y. His death after a long illness was announced by the Hearst Corp., where he was employed as vice president for corporate security. Shaw was best known for his relationship with William Randolph Hearst's granddaughter. She made headlines in the 1970s for her kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army, a paramilitary band of urban terrorists, and her later imprisonment for bank robbery.
December 13, 2013
Re "The lessons of Bell," Editorial, Dec. 11 Where's the justice? Former Bell administrators Angela Spaccia and Robert Rizzo were found guilty of enriching themselves at taxpayer expense and face jail time, as they should. But what about the Wall Street moguls who did much worse and brought the entire U.S. economy to the edge of collapse, costing billions upon billions of dollars? For the most part, they got off with some fines - that represented a few weeks of revenue - and are walking around free.
December 6, 2013 | By Tony Barboza
Ocean acidification could alter the behavior of fish and make them more anxious, a new study says. The finding came in an experiment by researchers interested in the neurological effects of the shift in the chemistry of seawater that is happening as the ocean takes up carbon dioxide that has built up in the Earth's atmosphere from human activity. In a laboratory, scientists put one group of young rockfish , a common species along the California coast, in normal seawater and put another group of the fish in water with the lower pH the ocean is predicted to reach in about 100 years.
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