February 5, 2011 |
The top leadership of Egypt's governing National Democratic Party, which has long been synonymous with corruption and rigged elections, resigned Saturday as the regime struggled to convince the country it was instituting change while still holding onto power. Among those who resigned was President Hosni Mubarak's son Gamal, who was once thought by some Egyptians to be his likely successor. The dismantling of the party's power structure is a dramatic indication of the pressure on Vice President Omar Suleiman to purge the vestiges of Mubarak's power and snip the ambitions of his son. The NDP's secretary-general, Safwat el-Sharif, was replaced by Hossam Badrawy, a doctor and member of parliament who is an advocate for human rights.
February 19, 2011 |
A week after the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, Tahrir Square once again teemed with thousands of Egyptians on Friday, this time celebrating a Day of Victory; their chants and signs reflecting a renewed sense of patriotism and a new social order demanding accountability for ousted leaders. The gathering was also a mass remembrance of fallen protesters, images of whom were on display everywhere: large banners hanging from traffic lights, placards, paper hats and cards worn around necks.
January 26, 2011 |
Thousands of Egyptian protesters inspired by the revolt in Tunisia clashed with police in the largest anti-government demonstrations in years, flying banners and decrying political repression, corruption and unemployment under the three-decade rule of President Hosni Mubarak. Mothers in hijabs and students clad in denim joined protests that flared in Cairo and spread to Alexandria and beyond, chanting "Freedom!" and "Down with Mubarak!" A police officer and two protesters were killed, authorities said.
April 13, 2011 |
For almost three decades he wielded unquestioned power, a seemingly invincible figure ruling with a sense of privilege and ruthlessness that epitomized autocrats across the Middle East. Even when mass protests improbably forced him from power in February, it appeared highly unlikely that Hosni Mubarak, long a key U.S. ally in a volatile region, would ever be held to account for allegations of corruption and abuse of office. But that all changed Wednesday, when authorities here confirmed the detention of the former Egyptian president and his two sons, a move immediately hailed by many as a surprising but shrewd step by the ruling military council to calm protests in the world's most populous Arab nation.
June 27, 1995 |
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak survived an assassination attempt Monday when gunmen ambushed his motorcade as he arrived in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for a summit of African leaders. Although his car was pocked with gunshots, Mubarak, 67, was unhurt. He immediately returned home, where, at an airport news conference, he calmly recounted the machine-gun battle that raged around his bulletproof limousine. "Suddenly I found a blue van blocking the road and somebody jumped to the ground.
May 10, 2005 |
The bespectacled lawmaker marched into his plush office and settled before the television cameras. He grimaced shyly, almost whispering as he tested the microphones. And then, without a pause, Ayman Nour ripped into Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's ruling party. The night before, one of Nour's supporters had been killed and about a dozen more wounded when an armed mob ambushed their buses in the Nile Delta countryside, he said.
December 25, 2005 |
In a verdict that came as a slap to democracy advocates, one of Egypt's most prominent and unflinching opposition politicians was sentenced Saturday to five years in prison on charges of forgery. The imprisonment of Ayman Nour, an outspoken former legislator who recently ran an intense election campaign against longtime President Hosni Mubarak, is widely seen as a means to silence a potential threat to the ruling regime. The verdict drew a swift and forceful rebuke from Washington.
July 16, 2008 |
He appears briefly on TV, not saying much, if anything at all, and then fades into the secrecy and quiet diplomacy that men like him prefer. One day he's in Jerusalem, the next in Gaza, then back to Egypt to whisper in the ear of his boss, President Hosni Mubarak. Omar Suleiman, the head of Egypt's foreign intelligence service, has been at Mubarak's side through triumph and crisis, including a 1995 ambush on the president's motorcade that killed two security officers.
August 3, 2011 |
Egypt's Hosni Mubarak was wheeled into a courtroom cage in a hospital bed on Wednesday to face trial for killing protesters -- an image that thrilled those who overthrew him and must have chilled other Arab autocrats facing popular uprisings. If convicted, Mubarak could face the death penalty. Judge Ahmed Refaat called for quiet as he opened the trial of the former president, his two sons Alaa and Gamal, former Interior Minister Habib al-Adli and six senior ex-officers. A business executive and Mubarak confidant, Hussein Salem, is being tried in absentia.
February 28, 2005 |
In the smoggy, jostling streets of the Egyptian capital, people of all political stripes greeted President Hosni Mubarak's surprise call for an open presidential election with deep skepticism Sunday. To people here, a representative government and civil liberties seem to hang on the horizon like mirages, tempting suggestions that quiver on satellite television and in university classrooms. But just when reform appears to draw close, it melts away.