December 3, 2013
Re "In S. Africa, shock and outrage at rape crisis," Nov. 29 Again we will ask ourselves, "Why do men rape?" This is an important question, but it is not enough to ask it. We must also ask, "Why do men not rape?" Here, I refer not so much to individuals as cultures. There are societies in which rape does not exist or rarely occurs. The anthropologist Peggy Reeves Sanday speaks of "rape free" societies. In these cultures women have a structurally central role with economic responsibility and power.
August 25, 1990
In the Aug. 3 article, "Meryl Streep Attacks Hollywood Gender Gap at SAG Conference," the actress lashed out at the film industry for downplaying the importance of women on the screen and blamed Hollywood for the big-budget male films. Also, the story reported that the combined income of men doubled that of women. I can give Streep a good reason for all this: There isn't one female star with the drawing power of Hoffman, Gibson, Nicholson, Cruise, Willis, Schwarzenegger, Redford, Newman, Allen, Costner, De Niro, Stallone, etc., etc., etc. BILL STEIN Cambria
January 18, 2013 |
Why are women more prone to autoimmune diseases like lupus, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis? A new study in mice points to a possible contributor: different types of bacteria that populate our guts. It goes like this: Different mixes of bacteria reside in the innards of male and female mice. Those bacteria, in turn, affect the chemistry of the animals' bodies -- and, it appears, their risk of autoimmunity. The study, just published in Science , was done by Janet Markle of the Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, and colleagues. It's a little complicated, with players that include sex hormones, fatty chemicals, immune cells and a whole host of microscopic life forms.
August 21, 2009 |
Caster Semenya started to run almost as soon as she could walk. She played soccer with the boys in her rural village. At school races, she'd lap the other girls -- sometimes twice or more. Even then, according to friends quoted by South African news reports, girls teased her about looking like a boy. Semenya shrugged it off and kept on running. But after she exploded onto the athletic stage Wednesday in the World Championships in Berlin, beating her nearest rival in the women's 800-meter race by a whopping 2.45 seconds, the question was back: Is she really a she?
November 22, 2011 |
Cinema trends ebb and flow, but one facet of Hollywood moviemaking proving remarkably consistent is gender inequality, according to a study being released Monday by USC's Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism. In a survey of the top 100-grossing movies of 2009 — including "Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen," "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" and "The Twilight Saga: New Moon" — researchers found that 32.8% of the 4,342 speaking characters were female and 67.2% were male, a percentage identical to that of the top-grossing movies of 2008.
November 6, 2013 |
From the land that gave the cinema world Greta Garbo and Ingrid Bergman comes a plan for pressuring filmmakers to correct decades of gender stereotyping and sexism. Four independent Swedish cinemas, in collaboration with the state-funded Swedish Film Institute, have begun rating the films they show on whether they pass the "Bechdel Test. " The sexism ratings exam is named for American cartoonist Alison Bechdel, who introduced it in her comic strip “Dykes to Watch Out For” in 1985.