CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 23, 1995 |
A team from the New York Blood Center has identified the gene that causes Bloom's syndrome, a discovery that should provide new insight into the causes of cancer. Only about 200 people worldwide have Bloom's syndrome, which causes the early onset of a broad spectrum of cancers, so that most victims die in their 20s. Dr. James L. German and his colleagues report in the journal Cell that Bloom's is caused by a mutation in a gene called BLM, which uncoils DNA when it is copied, used or repaired by the cell.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 14, 1994 |
A key gene that normally suppresses cancer has been identified by researchers, offering an important new focus for treating the disease, scientists reported Wednesday. Loss of the gene was detected in a broad range of cancers, including 60% of breast cancer cases and 82% of one type of brain tumor. "It's very close to the action of cell division. When it's broken, destroyed (or) mutated, cell division is left out of control," said Dr. Mark Skolnik of the University of Utah Medical Center.
December 1, 1994 |
In a major step toward understanding and treating the weight problems that afflict nearly one-third of all Americans, researchers at Rockefeller University in New York announced Wednesday that they have identified and cloned a gene responsible for obesity.
March 24, 1993 |
After the longest and most frustrating search in the annals of molecular biology, an international team of researchers has located the defective gene that causes Huntington's disease, a crippling disorder that afflicts about 30,000 Americans. The discovery will immediately make possible cheaper and more accurate tests to identify people who will develop Huntington's.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 4, 1989 |
A team of U.S. and Italian researchers reported last week the discovery of a gene that appears to cause some cancers of the pituitary gland and may also trigger tumor growth in the thyroid, ovary and similar glands. Reporting in the British journal Nature, the researchers said they identified mutations on the "gasp" gene that causes uncontrolled production within a cell of a growth-promoting molecule called cyclic AMP.
May 10, 2004 |
A gene associated with Alzheimer's disease has been thought to influence whether someone will develop the memory-robbing disorder. But new research suggests it more strongly influences when the disease develops in later years. Ara S. Khachaturian, an Alzheimer's researcher in Potomac, Md., and colleagues at several research centers studied the presence of one form of the Apolipoprotein E gene, called ApoE4, among 3,308 seniors enrolled in a major health study in Cache County, Utah.
June 27, 1997 |
Federal researchers have discovered the gene that causes an early-onset form of Parkinson's disease that runs in families, a finding that should provide the first real insight into how the disease develops biochemically. That understanding, in turn, may eventually lead to new treatments for--and perhaps even to ways to delay or prevent the onset of--the devastating disorder, which affects more than 1 million Americans. A team from the National Human Genome Research Institute in Bethesda, Md.
June 14, 1996 |
Capping an intensive four-year search, researchers reported today that in studies of the common fruit fly and humans, they have discovered a gene responsible for skin cancer--the most common form of cancer. The discovery could lead to new ways to treat, and maybe even to prevent, skin tumors, researchers said.
September 30, 2010
It should surprise no one that height is genetic. For instance, consider that 7-foot-6 NBA star Yao Ming’s parents are 6-foot-7 and 6-foot-3. But for anyone hoping to find the “tall gene” that might give them a few extra inches, researchers have some disheartening news: A comprehensive search for places in the genome that could be associated with height yielded only 180 spots that appear to be associated with height. That might sound like a lot, but the researchers estimate they account for only about 11% of the variability in adult height.
January 25, 1999 |
Scientists have identified another gene that might affect how vulnerable a person is to cigarette addiction. Having a certain form of the gene makes it easier to kick the habit, or perhaps to avoid getting hooked in the first place, two studies suggest. But that apparent influence is modest. "This is just one small piece of the puzzle" of what influences smoking behavior, said psychologist Caryn Lerman, an author of one of the studies. Her work and a follow-up study by Dr.