April 17, 1997 |
A panel of scientists, social workers and ethicists recommended that any couples expecting a child or planning a pregnancy be offered testing for the cystic fibrosis gene. But the panel said couples should first give "informed consent," meaning they understand the fatal, inherited lung disease before proceeding to find out if they carry the CF gene.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 28, 1997 |
In a glimpse of what lies ahead, Cal State Northridge and USC will sponsor a genetic counseling conference Friday on the Northridge campus. The all-day conference will combine the resources of CSUN's Genetic Counseling Program and USC's Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center. The two universities, one public and the other private, are developing a cancer-risk assessment program that will be offered to students nationwide, said Aida Metzenberg, director of CSUN's Genetic Counseling Center.
November 1, 1996 |
Raising hopes that a simple maternal blood test could replace amniocentesis and other invasive techniques, UC San Francisco researchers have accurately diagnosed two fetuses at risk for genetic disorders by analyzing the mothers' blood. Reporting in Thursday's issue of Nature Genetics, the scientists said they were able to test for single-gene disorders by isolating and studying fetal cells in the mothers' samples.
June 26, 1996 |
Given a chance to learn if they carried a gene that raised their risk of developing breast, ovarian or prostate cancer, surprisingly few of the 279 women and men in a new study--only 43%--chose to take such a look at the future. That was a central finding of the largest study yet of how people react when offered a blood test for the so-called breast cancer gene, BRCA1, which boosts the likelihood of developing the disease to 87%, about eight times higher than that of women generally.
May 22, 1996 |
Most couples have a pre-wedding checklist overflowing with tasks to be done before the main event. That list used to include mandatory blood tests to rule out sexually transmitted disease and German measles. Because of a recent change in the law, however, that requirement is passe. But other health tests, along with genetic counseling, are increasingly recommended, depending on the couples' lifestyle, risk factors and their plans to start a family.
October 2, 1994 |
To UC Irvine Prof. John J. Wasmuth, it is not speculation. It is a certainty. Three years from now a woman who suspects she is pregnant will go to her physician for tests. The physician will scrape a few cells from the 10-week-old fetus and send them off for genetic analysis. It will be routine; the results will come back in only a few days. The baby will be male. He will not have any of the more common, catastrophic birth defects. So far, so good. He will be prone to colon cancer in midlife.
March 27, 1994 |
Eight-year-old David Manikian has a mutant gene--a small bump on his X chromosome that makes him different from other boys. When he was just a toddler, his parents noticed he was slow to learn. The wonders of modern genetic research revealed that David has Fragile X syndrome, a genetic disorder that impairs mental development. But modern genetics was as much a curse as a blessing for this little boy, his parents and three sisters.
December 22, 1992 |
Beckman Instruments Inc. said Monday that it has been chosen to receive $4.5 million of a $9.2-million grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce to help develop an automated genetic analyzer. Beckman, based in Fullerton, and the seven other companies, universities and laboratories taking part in the five-year research endeavor will match the government's grant. Beckman will contribute $4.5 million to the total $18.4-million research effort, company spokeswoman Elke Eastman said.
November 8, 1992 |
WHAT MAKES US HUMAN INSTEAD OF, SAY, CHIMPANZEES? What are our physical possibilities and our limits as a species? Can we "perfect" our children? And do we want to? Those questions--as much for philosophers as for scientists--have taken on a greater urgency since the late 1980s, when scientists launched the Human Genome Project--a multibillion-dollar effort to obtain the genetic information hidden in every human cell.
October 5, 1991 |
The discovery of a defective gene that apparently causes an inherited form of Alzheimer's disease, announced Thursday, has re-energized the ongoing debate about the ethics of diagnosing such disorders either prenatally or after birth. The majority of researchers and ethicists agree on the importance of diagnosing a disease such as Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, which strikes soon after birth and produces a short, brutally painful life.