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Genetic Engineering

OPINION
February 23, 2010
The notion that the hot dog should be redesigned inspires a variation on the mad-scientist-movie line: "Man was not meant to tamper in God's domain." Or, in this case, Oscar Mayer's. Yet the American Academy of Pediatrics is proposing that the wiener (and other products frequently consumed by children) be reshaped as a way of preventing toddlers from choking. The proposal doesn't sit well with an interest group we didn't even know existed, the National Hot Dog & Sausage Council.
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SCIENCE
January 16, 2010 | By Amina Khan
Part animal, part plant! This may sound like a tabloid headline, but scientists say that a green sea slug has managed to incorporate enough algae parts to easily live off of sunlight, just as a plant does. Scientists already knew that a few slugs could eat algae but save the algae's chloroplasts from digestion and feed off of their energy. Chloroplasts are where the photosynthesis process of turning light into energy occurs. But this was not a self-sustaining system, since most slugs cannot make their own chlorophyll, a green pigment that fuels the chloroplasts.
HEALTH
January 26, 2009 | Jill U. Adams
Fast-growing salmon. Pork containing heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids. These are two examples of products you might see in your local supermarket soon -- animals developed not through conventional breeding but through genetic engineering. On Jan. 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration decided how it will regulate genetically engineered animals, for the first time paving the way for such animals or their products to be sold as food and medicine.
SCIENCE
January 10, 2009 | Karen Kaplan
They have four legs, fuzzy faces and udders full of milk. To the uninitiated, they look like dairy goats. To GTC Biotherapeutics Inc., they're cutting-edge drug-making machines. The goats being raised on a farm in central Massachusetts are genetically engineered to make a human protein in their milk that prevents dangerous blood clots from forming. The company extracts the protein and turns it into a medicine that fights strokes, pulmonary embolisms and other life-threatening conditions.
SCIENCE
September 27, 2008 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
Treatment with genetically modified stem cells helped rats with a paralyzing disease live significantly longer, U.S. researchers said this week. Rats with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease, that were treated with the gene-engineered stem cells lived 28 days longer than untreated mice, the researchers told a conference. The injection contained adult nerve stem cells that were engineered to release a growth factor called glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor, or GDNF.
SCIENCE
September 19, 2008 | Karen Kaplan and Thomas H. Maugh II, Times Staff Writers
The Food and Drug Administration on Thursday opened the way for a bevy of genetically engineered salmon, cows and other animals to leap from the laboratory to the marketplace, unveiling an approval process that would treat the modified creatures like drugs.
NATIONAL
September 18, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
The Food and Drug Administration will release regulatory guidelines today governing genetic engineering of animals for food, drugs or medical devices. The FDA's regulatory control of animals will be considerably stronger than its oversight of genetically engineered plants and microorganisms.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
July 17, 2008 | Thomas H. Maugh II, Times Staff Writer
Howard L. Bachrach, the virologist who purified the polio and foot-and-mouth disease viruses and was the first to use genetic engineering to produce a vaccine, died June 26 in Atlantis, Fla. He was 88 and had been suffering from heart disease, according to his daughter, Eve. His work on purification of the polio virus made possible the development of the vaccine against the disease by Dr.
BUSINESS
January 21, 2008 | Daniel Costello, Times Staff Writer
When Cyagra Inc. holds an office potluck, no one's stomach churns when the lasagna, meatloaf or tacos are made with cloned beef. The cutting-edge ingredient was produced on the company's Pennsylvania farm for the Food and Drug Administration, which spent seven years evaluating the safety of meat and milk from cloned animals and their offspring. "We had leftovers," so we used them, said Steve Mower, director of marketing for the Elizabethtown, Pa.-based company.
NATIONAL
January 4, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
Food regulators have been swamped with comments from consumers weighing in on a proposal by the Food and Drug Administration to allow food made from cloned animals to be sold to the public. More than 30,500 comments on the proposal have been received by the agency, FDA spokeswoman Julie Zawisza said. The agency is still reviewing the issue and isn't ready to say when it will announce a final rule on cloned livestock, she said. cutline> ##na-dna4#ju34rxnc#PH186P83#Tim Sharp Associated Press## Charles Chatman, center, with attorney Jeff Blackburn and aunt Ethel Bradley in Dallas, spent nearly 27 years in prison.
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