December 31, 1991 |
"Time has finally run out for communism. But its edifice has not yet crumbled. May we not be crushed beneath its rubble instead of gaining liberty." -- Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn, "Rebuilding Russia," July, 1990 Maria Mironova was fighting her way across Palace Square. A biting wind was sending icy snowflakes cutting into her face. The winter dusk had turned all the vibrant yellows, blues and greens of the square into a gloomy gray.
January 6, 1991 |
ON INDEPENDENCE DAY, last Sept. 14, the leader of war-weary Nicaragua staged a ceremonial farewell to arms. With a deafening clatter, 15,000 rusting automatic rifles slid from 10 dump trucks into a pit dug along the shoulder of the Pan American Highway in Managua. With funereal solemnity, President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro tossed red flowers one by one onto the guns, and concrete poured from a hose to seal the giant tomb.
April 14, 1991 |
In the infamous "Case of the Engineers," the crime of Enrik Veizi and three other oil exploration experts was having the cheek to tell the government that it was drilling for oil in an area where it was known there was none. For challenging the leadership's wisdom, they were tortured into confessing to sabotage and spying. A court condemned them to 25 years in prison, extolling the leniency that let them escape with their lives.
November 3, 1987 |
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev told the Soviet people Monday that Josef Stalin committed "enormous and unforgivable" crimes in the 1930s, and he announced that a top-level commission has been set up to investigate them and exonerate their victims. At the same time, Gorbachev praised Stalin's decision to collectivize farming and proceed with rapid, state-controlled industrialization despite the "excesses" and widespread suffering they caused.
September 22, 2009 |
Despite some progress, congressional investigators cast doubt on whether efforts by American International Group Inc. to restructure its operations and pay back the government will ever prove successful. Still, the company's shares jumped $8.49, or 21%, to $48.40 after the head of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform said that panel would examine a plan to reduce the AIG bailout package. The Federal Reserve and Treasury Department have provided $182.3 billion to AIG.
September 28, 1991 |
In a frantic effort to save its collapsing economy, the Soviet Union sold two-thirds of its gold reserves in the last year, spent all of its foreign currency holdings and went deeper into debt overseas, the government's chief economist said Friday. Grigory A. Yavlinsky, deputy chairman of the provisional committee managing the Soviet economy, said the Soviet Union, one of the world's major gold producers, now holds only 240 tons in gold reserves, worth about $2.7 billion.
June 2, 1988 |
A handclasp and a walk in the woods in Geneva. Frigid stares and tight lips in the blustery cold of Reykjavik. The signing in Washington of a historic treaty on medium-range nuclear weapons. And now in Moscow, a walk through the heart of the "evil empire." The moods and images of the four summits of Ronald Reagan and Mikhail S. Gorbachev have differed in ways both subtle and striking.
November 14, 1989 |
Although West Germany has more than twice as much land and almost three times as many people, it has won fewer than half as many Olympic medals as East Germany since they began competing as separate nations in 1968. The disparity does not have to be explained, particularly not to West Germans. But last year, as East Germany's political leader, Erich Honecker felt compelled to do so, anyway.
January 26, 1990 |
Americans are not worried about the prospect of a reunified Germany once again dominating Europe, but the notion scares people in Poland and concerns the British and French, according to a survey conducted jointly by The Times Poll and The Economist. In the abstract, Americans and the French overwhelmingly favor the idea of reuniting West Germany and East Germany nearly 45 years after the crushing defeat of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich.