May 28, 1990 |
Former Hungarian Foreign Minister Gyula Horn was elected president of the Hungarian Socialist Party, successor to the Communist Party. The revamped party has pledged to find its place in Hungary's new parliamentary democracy. Imre Pozsgay, considered Hungary's most influential reform politician, was elected vice president. While foreign minister, Horn played a pivotal role in help making the Berlin Wall irrelevant by permitting thousands of East German refugees to pass from Hungary to the West.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
June 20, 2013
Gyula Horn, 80, a former Hungarian prime minister who played a key role in opening the Iron Curtain, died Wednesday, the Hungarian government announced. He had been hospitalized in Budapest for several years. He was best known internationally for his announcement as foreign minister in 1989 that Hungary would allow East German refugees to leave the country for West Germany, one of the main events that helped end communism in Eastern Europe. Tens of thousands of East Germans had traveled to Hungary in the spring and summer of 1989 as expectations mounted that the more moderate Communist country might open its borders to the West.
May 12, 1998 |
Hoping to topple Prime Minister Gyula Horn's ruling Socialists, the two top opposition parties agreed to back each other in a May 24 runoff in parliamentary elections. The Socialists received 32% of the vote Sunday, the most among a dozen contenders. But the poor performance of their coalition partner--the Free Democrats, who won only 8% of the vote--appeared to leave the opposition in a potentially stronger position.
February 27, 1989 |
Hungary, in an unprecedented attack by one East Bloc state against another, today demanded that the U.N. Commission on Human Rights investigate violations of basic freedoms in neighboring Romania. Gyula Horn, Hungarian state secretary for foreign affairs, delivered the demand at the commission's annual meeting.
May 23, 1989
Premier Imre Nagy and leaders of the 1956 Hungarian uprising were "victims of show trials" and their executions were a political mistake, Hungarian Foreign Minister Gyula Horn said. The statement represented a shift in the view of the Hungarian Communist Party and appeared to open the way for Nagy's rehabilitation. Nagy had declared Hungary's neutrality and its withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact during a period of mass demonstrations that provoked a Soviet invasion on Oct. 23, 1956. Nagy and two associates were found guilty of treason in June, 1958, and executed.
September 18, 1989 |
Hungary established full diplomatic ties with Israel today, becoming the first East Bloc nation to revive relations with Jerusalem in more than 20 years. Hungary's official news agency MTI announced the move shortly after Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Arens arrived in the capital on an official visit. MTI said an agreement on the reestablishment of diplomatic relations was signed by Arens and Hungarian Foreign Minister Gyula Horn.