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Hormuz

OPINION
January 4, 2012 | By Frederick W. Kagan
Iran's threat to close a vital international waterway if stricter sanctions are imposed on Iranian oil exports is more than just bellicose and provocative. It is also a test of U.S. will and commitment in the Persian Gulf at a time when our role in the region is changing. The world has grown used to chest-thumping by Tehran, and there was nothing particularly noteworthy about the exercises conducted by Iranian armed forces last week to demonstrate their ability to close the Strait of Hormuz.
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NEWS
May 30, 1987 | From Reuters
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher said Friday that Britain would consider any formal request from the United States to help protect merchant shipping in the Persian Gulf. Speaking at an election campaign news conference in London, Thatcher said Britain has two or three navy ships in the area but that their primary responsibility is to protect British shipping. "I am not aware of any formal request from the United States (for help in protecting ships), " she said.
NEWS
August 10, 1987 | Associated Press
An American-operated supertanker loaded with Iranian oil hit a mine today just outside the Persian Gulf, and three reflagged Kuwaiti ships were reported moving slowly toward home under U.S. Navy escort. Iran, which has said the gulf will be "full of mines" until the superpowers quit intervening in the region, declared today that it will turn the waterway into a "killing field for the aggressors."
NEWS
October 29, 1987 | From Times Wire Services
Iraq said Wednesday that its warplanes raided three tankers off Iran in the Persian Gulf and industrial targets on the mainland. Iran threatened to answer any Western economic embargo by sealing off the Persian Gulf. Iran also said that three of its warplanes approached American warships south of the gulf in defiance of U.S. Navy warnings. Meantime, the 13th convoy of Navy vessels and reflagged tankers arrived safely in Kuwait, which has been hit by three Iranian missiles this month.
NEWS
December 14, 1987 | Reuters
Twenty-one crewmen were killed in the worst single attack on merchant shipping of the Persian Gulf war, shipping officials said today. Iraqi jets pumped Exocet missiles into the 218,467-ton Norwegian-operated tanker Susangird, owned by the National Iranian Tanker Co., as it sailed fully loaded from the Kharg Island terminal last week.
NEWS
August 20, 1987 | MICHAEL ROSS, Times Staff Writer
U.S. warships escorted another convoy of Kuwaiti tankers into the Persian Gulf on Wednesday, steaming past Iranian missile sites and patrol ships without incident as they moved through the Strait of Hormuz and headed up the gulf toward Kuwait.
NEWS
July 23, 1987 | CHARLES P. WALLACE, Times Staff Writer
A naval convoy of three U.S. warships and two "reflagged" Kuwaiti oil tankers steamed through the Strait of Hormuz on Wednesday and entered the war-plagued Persian Gulf without interference from Iran. As the convoy cleared its first hurdle, Iran stepped up its criticism of the U.N. Security Council for demanding a cease-fire in the almost seven-year-long war between Iran and Iraq. But the Tehran government gave no sign that it would be the first to violate the truce.
NEWS
June 8, 1987 | JACK NELSON and JAMES GERSTENZANG, Times Staff Writers
In its strongest warning yet that Iran could face a preemptive strike if it deploys Chinese-made Silkworm missiles, the Reagan Administration said Sunday that deployment would be considered a hostile act and would "run the risk of retaliation."
NEWS
October 22, 1987 | Associated Press
A convoy of reflagged Kuwaiti tankers and American warships steamed south Wednesday, past an Iranian oil platform destroyed Monday by U.S. Navy guns. The escorted convoy is expected to complete the 550-mile trip out of the gulf today. It is the 12th such operation in the three months since U.S. warships began escorting Kuwaiti-owned tankers, registered in the United States and flying American flags, to protect them from Iranian attack.
NEWS
July 11, 2012 | By David S. Cloud
WASHINGTON - The Navy is rushing dozens of unmanned underwater craft to the Persian Gulf to help detect and destroy mines in a major military buildup aimed at preventing Iran from closing the strategic Strait of Hormuz in the event of a crisis, U.S. officials said. The tiny SeaFox submersibles each carry an underwater television camera, homing sonar and an explosive charge. The Navy bought them in May after an urgent request by Marine Gen. James Mattis, the top U.S. commander in the Middle East.
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