April 27, 1987 |
China is planning to revive Cultural Revolution-style regulations requiring students to work in factories and on farms, the official China Daily newspaper said today. The new rules follow student demonstrations for democracy that swept as many as 20 Chinese cities in December, prompting the fall of Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang and a nationwide campaign against capitalist ideas.
December 25, 1987 |
A bicycle repairman has been sentenced to death for fatally stabbing a student in an attack that sparked the first university demonstration of the school year. The official New China News Agency said that Ma Qingjun, 22, was found guilty on Wednesday of the Dec. 5 stabbing. A companion, Wang Yanjun, 16, was sentenced to five years in prison. Ma and Wang trespassed on the campus of the University of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade and picked a quarrel with Zang Wei, a 19-year-old sophomore.
October 22, 1986 |
Erich Honecker, the first East German leader ever to visit China, received a red-carpet welcome Tuesday at the beginning of a six-day tour that formally thaws Communist Party ties frozen since the 1960s. Honecker, who flew to Peking after a visit to North Korea, was officially welcomed by President Li Xiannian in a ceremony in Tian An Men Square, which was festooned with Chinese and East German flags. Li and Honecker went into the adjacent Great Hall of the People for a short meeting.
September 25, 1985 |
The Chinese Communist Party completed its leadership reshuffle Tuesday by approving a 22-member Politburo that includes six new members--all supporters of China's top leader Deng Xiaoping and none of them military officers. The Politburo appointments were announced after a brief meeting of 330 full and alternate members of the party's new Central Committee.
November 24, 1987 |
China today named Li Peng, a 59-year-old technocrat, as acting premier to replace Zhao Ziyang, who left the post to become head of the Communist Party. The standing committee of the National Peoples' Congress, China's legislature, followed Zhao's suggestion in appointing Li to the nation's most powerful government job, the official New China News Agency said. Li, a Soviet-trained electrical engineer, has been called a conservative who believes in Soviet-style central planning.
May 20, 1989 |
April 15 -- Former Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang, a leading reformer, dies. Students at Beijing University put up posters praising him and indirectly criticizing his opponents who forced his resignation in early 1987 after student demonstrations in 1986-87. April 17 -- Thousands of students march in Beijing and Shanghai shouting, "Long live Hu Yaobang! Long live democracy! Long live freedom! Long live the rule of law!" April 18 -- About 2,000 students from Beijing head into Tian An Men Square by bicycle, continuing the protest sit-in at Great Hall of the People.
June 4, 1989 |
Key events in the student pro-democracy movement that led to the assault by soldiers on protesters in Tian An Men Square: April 15--Former Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang dies. Beijing University students put up posters praising him and indirectly criticizing opponents who forced his resignation in early 1987 after student demonstrations in 1986-87. April 17--Thousands of students march in Beijing and Shanghai, shouting, "Long live Hu Yaobang! Long live democracy!"
January 16, 1987 |
Hu Yaobang, China's second most powerful leader, was forced out today as head of the nation's 44-million-member Communist Party after weeks of student turmoil and intellectual challenges to the socialist system. The resignation of Hu, who acknowledged "mistakes" in dealing with the pro-democracy crisis, evidently was forced by top leader Deng Xiaoping, whom he had been widely expected to succeed.
January 13, 1987 |
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping and other officials avoided comment today on the status of Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang, fueling speculation he is in trouble in the wake of student pro-democracy demonstrations. A Chinese source, echoing reports by the Italian Communist Party newspaper L'Unita and the Yugoslav news agency Tanjug, said Hu is expected to be replaced by Premier Zhao Ziyang as party chief at the organization's 13th Party Congress in October.
January 12, 1987 |
A Communist Party propaganda official has been fired, the first high-ranking victim of an expected purge of leaders blamed for recent student protests, a pro-Peking Hong Kong newspaper said Sunday. The newspaper, Wen Wei Po, said that Zhong Peizhang, director of the government's Information Bureau since 1983, was replaced by Deputy Director Wang Furu. The announcement coincided with reports of an impending purge of Communist Party members considered soft on capitalism and "bourgeois liberalism."