November 15, 1989 |
The Supreme Soviet publicly restored the rights of national minorities deported from their homelands under dictator Josef Stalin. But the national Parliament stopped short of granting them compensation or allowing them all to return. Lawmakers approved a declaration acknowledging that the rights of hundreds of thousands of Volga Germans, Crimean Tatars and other minorities had been violated and should be restored in full.
October 18, 1989 |
The Soviet Union's attitude toward human rights has improved dramatically, and most political prisoners have been freed, although abuses persist and the picture is "deeply confusing," Amnesty International says. In a report published today, the worldwide human rights movement says its list of Soviet citizens imprisoned for nonviolent exercise of their human rights shrank from 600 three years ago to about 90 in July, and would have been lower but for further arrests.
September 24, 1989 |
The Soviet Communist Party on Saturday proposed reforms that would transform the country's highly centralized political and economic system into one based on federalism with extensive freedoms for its constituent republics and regions. A crucial element in the broad reforms now under way here, the move will reshape the Soviet Union, according to the party's policy document on ethnic issues, and it calls for extensive negotiations to reach a new constitutional formula for the country.
September 20, 1989 |
Leaders of the National Conference on Soviet Jewry said Tuesday that they had not expected to live long enough to hear an official of the Soviet Foreign Ministry plead for patience and understanding of Moscow's developing emigration policy. But an official of the Soviet ministry--which a few years ago would speak the conference's name only through clenched teeth--did just that in an address to the group's annual assembly. Yuri A.
August 1, 1987 |
The 35-nation conference reviewing the Helsinki agreements on European security and cooperation recessed Friday for the summer, with the United States warning the Soviet Union that unless there is a significant improvement in its human rights record, the conference cannot succeed. Addressing the final plenary meeting of the conference, which has been in session here for nine months, U.S. Ambassador Warren Zimmerman cited Soviet leader Mikhail S.
February 21, 1987 |
Western countries adopt a double standard when they cheer token political changes in the Soviet Union but reject similar moves in South Africa, former Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky said Friday. Peering through the bars of a mock jail cell across the street from the Soviet Mission to the United Nations, Sharansky repeated charges that the release from prison of Josef Begun and other dissidents are merely "cosmetic gestures" by Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
February 11, 1987 |
Soviet authorities have freed 140 political prisoners in the last eight days and are considering pardons for another 140 people jailed for "anti-Soviet agitation," a Foreign Ministry spokesman said Tuesday. It was believed to be the biggest mass release of religious and political dissenters since the years following de-Stalinization in the mid-1950s.
February 10, 1987 |
The justice minister of the Soviet Union's largest republic confirmed Monday that at least 50 dissidents have been released recently from Soviet prisons. Russian Republic Justice Minister Alexander Y. Sukharev said more will be released as the Soviet Union moves to revamp its penal code this year to "humanize" it.
April 24, 1987 |
A group of former Soviet political prisoners, freed over the last three months, said Thursday that the releases have stopped and conditions for those still in camps and prisons remain unchanged. "Many expected that the first group of releases would be followed by a second, a third, a tenth," the former prisoners said in a statement. "Today it can be said: Our hopes have not been justified."