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In Vitro Fertilization

September 30, 1987 | CLAIRE SPIEGEL and HARRY NELSON, Times Staff Writers
In a breakthrough for infertile couples, the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of California has agreed to pay millions of dollars for in-vitro fertilization treatments to help some of its members conceive so-called "test-tube" babies. The agreement will bring an end to a unique class-action lawsuit filed by more than a dozen Kaiser patients who were denied coverage of the infertility treatment several years ago on the grounds the procedure was "experimental."
April 10, 2014 | By Aamera Jiwaji
An Israeli court has punished a Palestinian prisoner whose semen was smuggled from jail. Abdul Karim Rimawi was fined about $1,499 Thursday and deprived of family visits for two months, according to a statement by the Palestinian Prisoner Club Assn. The emailed statement read, "The punishment of Rimawi is the first such kind of punishment in the history of courts. " Rimawi, who has served 12 years of his 25-year sentence, helped smuggle his semen from jail two years ago. Eight months ago, his wife gave birth to a boy.  Clandestine in-vitro fertilization is viewed as the latest form of resistance by Palestinians.
Pressure from the anti-abortion movement has thwarted federal funding for research into in-vitro fertilization and other methods used to assist infertile couples, according to a congressional report released Saturday. The report, compiled by the House Government Operations subcommittee on human resources and intergovernmental relations, accused the Department of Health and Human Services of ignoring the "major health problem" of infertility for more than a decade.
April 10, 2013 | By Thomas H. Maugh II, Special to the Los Angeles Times
About 10% of married couples suffer from infertility - the inability to conceive a child naturally. Through the better part of the 20th century, physicians considered this a minor and perhaps irrelevant problem, one that contributed overall to society by keeping the birthrate down. British biologist Robert Edwards thought differently. He was among the first to fully appreciate the frustration and depression the condition engendered in its victims and the benefits that could arise from reversing it. Along the way, he met resistance from religious conservatives who insisted that life must begin only through intercourse, not artificially, and from fellow scientists who resented the fact that he spoke frequently with the media about both his research and the ethical implications.
For more than five years, Patty and Scot Shier tried unsuccessfully to have a child. With every trip to the doctor they were told one medical obstacle or another stood in their way. So after their first attempts at in-vitro fertilization failed, they tried to increase their chances: Instead of the usual four embryos, they asked their doctor to implant seven. "We were just praying for one child," said Scot, noting that he and his wife are both only children unaccustomed to large families.
July 15, 1987
A 35-year-old Reston, Va., woman, who requested anonymity, is at least eight weeks pregnant in what is believed to be the first successful impregnation of twins from frozen embryos in the United States, officials said. "I think the chance of this resulting in a live birth is extremely high," said Dr. Robert Schulman, director of the Genetics and IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) Institute in Fairfax, Va.
March 20, 1988
A landmark court settlement has been approved in San Francisco that could provide $25 million to $50 million to about 5,000 women for in-vitro fertilization. The agreement was negotiated between Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and thousands of women who had been denied coverage for the fertilization procedure. Women will receive compensation of up to $50,000 each for the procedure, which has a 20% success rate and frequently must be repeated.
July 28, 1992 | KATHLEEN DOHENY
A new procedure for in-vitro fertilization is less costly than traditional procedures and yields comparable pregnancy rates, advocates of the approach say. The technique is called Natural Cycle Ovulation Retrieval in In Vitro Fertilization, NORIF for short. There is no hormonal stimulation of ovulation, as in traditional IVF. Instead, ovulation is allowed to occur naturally.
February 13, 1992 | AURORA MACKEY
Ventura County's first in-vitro fertilization center opened its doors to patients Wednesday, providing what Westlake Medical Center officials hope will be a solution for hundreds of infertile patients who seek treatment each year.
U.S. doctors should radically alter their treatment strategies if they want to stem the tide of medically risky multiple births without lowering the success of fertility treatments, a team of New York and Illinois doctors says. Writing in today's New England Journal of Medicine, they present evidence that it is extremely difficult for doctors using the common fertility treatment called ovulation induction to predict the chance of a multiple birth.
December 14, 2012 | By Alexandra Zavis, Los Angeles Times
Army Staff Sgt. Matt Kiel was shot while on patrol in Iraq just six weeks after his wedding. Doctors said he would be on a ventilator for the rest of his life and would never again move his arms or legs - dashing his hopes of raising a family. But within months of his injuries five years ago, Kiel was breathing on his own and had regained enough function in his left arm to operate a motorized wheelchair. Doctors said he and his wife, Tracy, could start a family through in vitro fertilization.
June 24, 2012 | By Elaine Woo, Los Angeles Times
When Lesley Brown's first child was born, there was no need to send out announcements. The news was blared on front pages around the world: "OUR MIRACLE," "BABY OF THE CENTURY," "IT'S A GIRL. " On July 25, 1978, Brown, a young woman from a working-class English town, gave birth to the first baby conceived outside the womb. Baby Louise Joy became a focus of international fascination as the first so-called test-tube baby, produced through in-vitro fertilization, a technique that raised moral and medical alarms 34 years ago but is commonplace today because of the more than 4 million women who have followed in Brown's steps.
March 19, 2012 | By David G. Savage
The Supreme Court justices voiced doubt over whether children who are born of in vitro fertilization more than a year after the death of their father are entitled to his survivor's benefits under the Social Security Act. The dispute involves a clash over how to interpret the 1930s pension law in an era of sperm donors and modern fertility. In 1939, Congress added a provision to the Social Security Act to give benefits to the survivors of deceased wage earners, including children who were dependents.  But judges have been split in the past decade over who qualifies as a survivor under this law. At issue is whether mothers can claim benefits for children who were conceived after their father died.
January 27, 2011 | By Shari Roan, Los Angeles Times
Maternal mortality is rare. But the rates are increasing in the United States and elsewhere for a number of reasons. In an editorial published Thursday, British researchers point out that in-vitro-fertilization-related pregnancies are an additional risk factor for maternal death. The major causes of death to new mothers are rare catastrophes, such as hemorrhage and blood clots. The incidence of these problems is increasing, possibly because more pregnant women today have health problems, such as diabetes, obesity or some other chronic condition.
October 21, 2010 | By Molly Hennessy-Fiske, Los Angeles Times
The Beverly Hills fertility doctor who assisted Nadya Suleman in conceiving octuplets and six previous children said during testimony Wednesday that his goal with each pregnancy was to produce a single baby and that Suleman agreed to reduce the number of fetuses if the treatment were to result in multiple births. "We don't really intentionally want to make it a multiple pregnancy ? our goal is a single term pregnancy," said Dr. Michael Kamrava. "However, this is not an exact science.
October 5, 2010 | By Thomas H. Maugh II, Los Angeles Times
British biologist Robert G. Edwards, whose contributions to the technology of in vitro fertilization have made more than 4 million couples parents, has been awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Working with Dr. Patrick Steptoe, Edwards, now 85, developed the techniques for removing mature eggs from a woman's ovaries, fertilizing them in test tubes and inducing them to begin dividing before implanting them back in the mother. Their efforts yielded the July 25, 1978, birth of Louise Brown, the first "test tube baby," both demonstrating the success and the safety of the technique and bringing hope to infertile people all over the world.
January 10, 1998 | (Associated Press)
Aetna US Healthcare, a pioneer in covering infertility treatment, will eliminate benefits for advanced infertility procedures such as in-vitro fertilization, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported. The Blue Bell, Pa.-based health insurer, the nation's largest, said it is acting because too many people were attracted to its plans only to take advantage of the the expensive treatment.
May 10, 1990 | United Press International
Three tiger cubs were born as a result of in vitro fertilization, the Henry Doorly Zoo announced Wednesday. Zoo officials said the cubs, delivered by Cesarean section April 27, represent the success of a scientific "first" that could aid preservation of the species in captivity.
October 4, 2010
In 1978, Louise Brown was born -- and won the distinction of being the world's first "test tube baby" because she was conceived thanks to then-innovative in-vitro fertilization techniques, or IVF, developed by British biologists. Since then, IVF has more than grown up. The Los Angeles Times reports Monday that the technique and one of its pioneers are making headlines anew in "IVF innovator Robert G. Edwards wins Nobel. " Use of such techniques, also called assisted reproductive technology, has more than doubled in the last decade and accounts for 1% of all infants born in the United States each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
July 19, 2010 | By Shari Roan, Los Angeles Times
One of the early fears about in vitro fertilization at its inception more than 30 years ago was that the procedure might cause genetic or other health problems in children conceived in that manner. It's clear that IVF is very safe. However, several studies suggest a slightly higher risk of birth defects and some types of illness among children born via IFV that parents should be aware of. The latest study indicates cancer may occur more often. Previous studies looking for a link between cancer and IVF have found nothing.
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