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SCIENCE
August 9, 2008 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
Even viruses can suffer a viral infection, French scientists reported Thursday in the journal Nature in a discovery that may help explain how viruses swap genes and evolve so rapidly. A new strain of giant virus was isolated from a cooling tower in Paris and found to be infected by a smaller type of virus, named Sputnik, after the first man-made satellite. Sputnik is the first example of a virus infecting another virus to make it sick. The finding may shed light on how viruses mutate so quickly, a feature that can make them difficult to tackle with drugs and vaccines.
ARTICLES BY DATE
SCIENCE
April 4, 2014 | By Monte Morin
Researchers studying the effects of immune suppressant drugs on  transplant patients with HIV have made a surprising discovery: A drug intended to hobble the body's defense system may actually help destroy dormant reservoirs of the virus that causes AIDS. In a paper published this week in the American Journal of Transplantation , authors found that when a small group of transplant patients received the drug sirolimus, they experienced a two- to threefold drop in HIV levels, whereas patients who received other immunosuppressants did not. "We were pleasantly surprised," said study coauthor Dr. Steven Deeks, an HIV expert and professor of medicine at University of California San Francisco.
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NATIONAL
July 7, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
Federal officials are considering killing Yellowstone National Park elk infected with a livestock disease. Government agencies have killed more than 6,000 wild bison leaving Yellowstone over the last 20 years in an effort to contain brucellosis, which causes cattle to abort. Cattle in parts of Wyoming and Montana where there have been no bison for decades are being infected, and livestock officials in both states are now targeting elk as the cause.
SCIENCE
March 24, 2014 | By Melissa Healy
Between vaccine refusal, drug resistant strains of bacteria, and the growing ranks of the immuno-compromised, it sometimes seems that we humans are losing our brief moment of superiority in the unending arms race against pathogens. But a new technique has shown remarkable promise in mice infected with deadly forms of meningitis and pneumonia, and may point the way to regaining the upper hand against a wide range of infections. A genetically reengineered version of an immune system protein called properdin appears to activate a robust immune response against invading pathogens, according to a study published Monday in the journal PNAS.
NEWS
June 7, 1989 | ROBERT STEINBROOK, Times Medical Writer
The U.S. Public Health Service plans to recommend greatly expanded voluntary AIDS antibody testing to identify infected individuals, with the aim of preventing life-threatening Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. The new guidelines, a draft of which was made available Tuesday, are a response to growing evidence that antibody testing may help physicians improve the medical care of individuals who carry the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. Previously, antibody testing has been advocated primarily as a means of interrupting transmission of the deadly virus, which causes AIDS.
NEWS
May 6, 1989 | MICHAEL PARKS, Times Staff Writer
Ten more Soviet children have been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by doctors and nurses in Volgograd using syringes that had not been sterilized after injections given other infected children, the government newspaper Izvestia said Friday. The case was the second of its kind, according to Soviet officials, and AIDS now appears to be spreading as fast through the country's health care system as through sexual contacts. The Volgograd children, who have been identified only in the past week as carriers of the human immunodeficiency virus, had been patients in the pulmonary ward of a city clinic early this year or late last year when other children were sent there for treatment of what only later were discovered to be AIDS-related diseases.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
July 19, 2008 | Tony Barboza, Times Staff Writer
Two Orange County residents are sick with West Nile virus, the first illnesses known to have been caused by the virus in Southern California this year, health officials said Friday. Two other residents also have been infected by the virus but have not shown symptoms. An 80-year-old Anaheim man who fell ill in early July and a 49-year-old central Orange County woman who became sick in late June remain hospitalized, said Orange County Health Care Agency spokesman Howard Sutter. The woman's infection may have been acquired outside the county, he said.
NATIONAL
July 14, 2010 | By Noam N. Levey, Tribune Washington Bureau
President Obama acknowledged an uncomfortable reality as he unveiled the nation's first comprehensive national HIV/AIDS strategy at a White House ceremony Tuesday: Though the United States has made tremendous gains treating people infected with the virus, efforts to prevent the spread of the disease have continued to lag. Even as the federal government has spent tens of billions of dollars to develop and administer drugs for HIV patients, the...
NEWS
November 2, 2008 | Clare Nullis, Nullis writes for the Associated Press.
Nelson Mdlovu strides out of a small clinic with a spring in his step and a smile on his lips, just minutes after being circumcised. Mdlovu swallowed his fears to line up with nine other equally nervous men for the 30-minute operation. They joined the ranks of hundreds of Swazi men who have opted for circumcision, after the United Nations said last year that the procedure could cut the risk of contracting HIV by as much as 60%. With the help of training from Israeli surgeons, Swaziland leads the African rush to embrace an ancient surgery to fight a modern scourge.
WORLD
September 24, 2009 | Associated Press
For the first time, an experimental vaccine has prevented infection with the AIDS virus, a watershed event in the deadly epidemic and a surprising result. The vaccine cut the risk of becoming infected with HIV by more than 31% in the world's largest AIDS vaccine trial, involving more than 16,000 volunteers in Thailand, researchers announced today in Bangkok. Even though the benefit is modest, "it's the first evidence that we could have a safe and effective preventive vaccine," Col. Jerome Kim said in a telephone interview.
SPORTS
March 23, 2014 | By Jim Peltz
Denny Hamlin was a late scratch from Sunday's NASCAR Sprint Cup race in Fontana due to a sinus infection that affected his vision, Hamlin's team announced. Sam Hornish Jr. was tapped to replace Hamlin in his No. 11 Toyota prepared by Joe Gibbs Racing, team president J.D. Gibbs said. The announcement came only 30 minutes before the start of the Auto Club 400 at Auto Club Speedway. Hamlin had qualified to start 13th in the 43-car field. But under NASCAR rules, Hornish will have to start at the rear of the field due to the driver change.
BUSINESS
March 12, 2014 | By Salvador Rodriguez
The National Security Agency has reportedly used automated systems to infect user computers with malware since 2010, according to a Wednesday report. And at times the agency pretended to be Facebook to install its malware. The NSA has been using a program codenamed TURBINE to contaminate computers and networks with malware "implants" capable of spying on users, according to The Intercept , which cited documents provided by whistleblower Edward Snowden. Between 85,000 and 100,000 of these implants have been deployed worldwide thus far, the report said.
OPINION
March 5, 2014 | By The Times editorial board
Clostridium difficile is a dangerous infection that, as its name implies, is not always easy to treat successfully with antibiotics. In many cases, the infection is actually triggered by antibiotic use during hospitalization; the medications kill beneficial bacteria that keep C. difficile in check. Now, some doctors are treating the infection with a procedure called fecal transplant, an unappealing but extremely effective approach that involves transferring filtered stool from a healthy donor to a patient afflicted with the disease, to reintroduce the helpful gut bacteria.
ENTERTAINMENT
February 17, 2014 | By Scott Collins
Walking at night, sitting in dark rooms and watching Syracuse basketball - these are just a few of the fun things NBC Olympics host Bob Costas did while recovering from an eye infection that knocked him off the air last week. Costas was set to return to NBC's Sochi coverage Monday night after an unplanned week off because of viral conjunctivitis, which made his eyes red and his vision blurry and light-sensitive.  "The worst three days of it I was primarily in a darkened room," Costas, 61, told reporters earlier Monday during a conference call.
ENTERTAINMENT
February 12, 2014 | By Scott Collins
Eye-yi-yi: Viewers may not see much of Bob Costas for a while as the NBC Olympics host continues to battle an eye infection that has temporarily taken him off the air.  "It's a slow process," Mark Lazarus, chairman of NBC Sports Group, said in a conference call with reporters Wednesday. "He's very frustrated. " Costas' health woes have become a hot topic on social media at the 2014 Winter Game in Sochi, Russia. The longtime NBC sports broadcaster covered the first few days of the Games, but the eye infection steadily worsened and over the weekend became obvious as viewers saw redness and irritation spreading to his right eye as well as the left.
SPORTS
February 12, 2014 | By Chuck Schilken
Bob Costas has been tearing up a lot lately. The NBC sports broadcaster said so in a "Today" show phone interview Wednesday, blaming sensitivity to light due to a viral infection in both eyes. We suspect, however, it might have something to do with having to sit out the 2014 Sochi Games prime-time coverage for a second straight night. Hey, we understand -- after 157 consecutive Olympic nighttime broadcasts, a guy can get a little attached to his job. "Actually, I don't feel that bad," Costas said , "and the irony of it is, we've all felt worse than I feel right now and gone into work....
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
October 17, 1993
The newspaper reports concerning the discovery of dead mice infected with the potentially dangerous hantavirus in south Orange County requires in my opinion immediate action by the communities of Orange County to outlaw leaf blowers. Since this apparently is an airborne disease acquired by inhaling infected dust, banning the leaf blowers should be an important measure to control the spread of this disease to human beings. ALBERT F. OSCHMANN, M.D. Monarch Beach
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
August 20, 1994
(A recent letter) commented that people should speak out against homosexual behavior and the destructive lifestyle before friends die of AIDS. I was unaware that people could be infected just because of their lifestyle or orientation. AIDS is caused by a virus, not a lifestyle. Anyone who doesn't practice safe sex is at risk of getting AIDS. The disease does not discriminate. Unfortunately people do. BARRY PETERSON Yorba Linda
SPORTS
December 30, 2013 | By Eric Pincus
Pau Gasol will try to play Tuesday night when the Lakers host the Milwaukee Bucks (6-24) despite suffering with a sinus infection and bronchitis. "I have a bad case of sinusitis, bronchitis too," said Gasol after practice Monday.  "Right now we're really short-handed and we need everything we can get out there. I'm going to do my best. " The team has dropped five straight games to fall to 13-18 and 13th place in the Western Conference. The Lakers' forward-center may have confused fans by sitting out a visit to the Golden State Warriors on Dec. 21, returning for games against the Phoenix Suns and Miami Heat, but then sitting the last two against the Utah Jazz and Philadelphia 76ers.
SPORTS
December 30, 2013 | By Mike Bresnahan
A vaguely familiar presence was on the Lakers' practice court Monday. Pau Gasol was in the far corner, doing some light shooting and one-on-one drills with Lakers teammates Jordan Hill and Robert Sacre . He said he would play Tuesday against Milwaukee after missing three games because of a sinus infection and bronchitis that seemingly wouldn't quit. He won't be over it for weeks, he said, because of symptoms that included continual coughing and breathing troubles.
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