February 11, 2011
Over-the-counter painkillers fall into two groups. The first, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), includes ibuprofen (often sold as Advil and Motrin), naproxen (sold as Aleve) and aspirin. All three drugs dull pain and fight inflammation. Acetaminophen (often sold as Tylenol) is in a group of its own and targets only pain. Scientists are still working out the details about how these drugs work. NSAIDs are the better understood. In general, this group attacks two types of enzymes that produce prostaglandins, a broad class of chemicals that do a wide variety of jobs throughout our bodies.
February 12, 1985 |
If you have clergyman's knee, tailor's seat, tennis elbow or trigger finger, what you really have is a form of bursitis or tendinitis, the Arthritis Foundation points out. These and other slang expressions are often used to describe certain types of bursitis or tendinitis which affect structures around different joints. Sudden stress, from a sports injury, for example, or from repeated use of a joint, as on certain jobs, may bring on this condition. However, the exact cause is often unknown.
January 26, 2011 |
Eating food containing trans fats and saturated fats could contribute to depression, scientists reported Wednesday. Researchers in Spain followed 12,059 people over six years, analyzing their diets, lifestyles and medical problems. The people who ate the most trans fats, which are commonly found in pastries and fast food, had a 48% increased risk of depression compared with people who did not eat trans fats. Individuals who ate a lot of polyunsaturated fats -- a healthier type of fat that is found in olive oil, for example -- had a lower risk of depression.
January 14, 2009 |
Pfizer Inc., the world's biggest drug company, is laying off as many as 800 scientists this year in its latest effort to refocus disappointing research efforts and cut overhead ahead of an expected crash in revenue. Pfizer plans to reduce its global research staff of about 10,000 people by 5% to 8% this year, the company said. The move comes after the New York company announced in September that it was narrowing its research focus to six disease areas -- Alzheimer's, cancer, schizophrenia, pain, inflammation and diabetes.
June 5, 1989 |
Minnesota Twins second baseman Wally Backman won't play during three games in Oakland because of his ailing left shoulder. Backman, who sat out his third consecutive game Sunday against the Chicago White Sox, had received cortisone injections that morning. He has inflammation of a tendon in his left shoulder. He took injections in the tendon and in the bursa sac, between the tendon and the bone, from orthopedist John Steubs. Backman was on the disabled list May 8 to May 25 with a sprained left shoulder.
January 24, 2009 |
Italian and British scientists want to exhume the body of astronomer Galileo Galilei for DNA tests to determine if severe vision problems may have affected some of his findings. Galileo, who lived from 1564 to 1642, had eye problems in the second half of his life and was blind for his last two years. Dr. Peter Watson, president of the Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis, suspects Galileo may have had an inflammation of the eye's middle layer, a condition called creeping angle closure glaucoma.