CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
August 23, 2010 |
When Mike Maiorana was a boy during World War II, his family was like a lot of others in his Monterey neighborhood. In 1942, his mother was declared an "enemy alien," along with 600,000 other Italians and half a million Germans and Japanese who weren't U.S. citizens. More than once, men in suits searched the Maiorana house for guns, flashlights, cameras, shortwave radios — anything that could be used to signal the enemy. Like 10,000 others up and down the California coast, the family was suddenly forced to uproot.
May 27, 2011
In one sense, the U.S. solicitor general's recent admission of his office's wrongdoing wasn't really news. After all, commissions courts and investigators long ago established that various government agencies and officials fudged or withheld facts during World War II in order to sweep all people of Japanese descent — American-born citizens as well as immigrants — out of California and parts of three other Western states. Congress, the president, state and local officials and the military rode a wave of war hysteria to support the politically popular but blatantly un-American evacuation and confinement of more than 100,000 Japanese Americans.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 5, 2012 |
Gordon Hirabayashi, who was convicted for defying the evacuation and internment of Japanese Americans on the West Coast during World War II and, four decades later, not only cleared his name but helped prove that the government had falsified the reasons for the mass incarceration, has died. He was 93. Hirabayashi, who had Alzheimer's disease and other ailments, died Monday in Edmonton, Alberta, where he had lived for many years, said his son, Jay. The elder Hirabayashi was one of only three Japanese Americans who refused to comply with Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in February 1942.
March 31, 2013 |
CODY, Wyo. - The drive east of Cody is through high desert, and the February weekend of my visit was bitterly cold. But I was wearing a heavy down coat, snow pants and boots, and riding in a cozy, warm SUV. That's not how nearly 14,000 earlier visitors had arrived in Cody. They came by train from California in late August, and they weren't wearing down or fleece, nor did they have a comfy hotel room awaiting them. They were among the 100,000 Japanese Americans relocated from the West Coast to the interior of the U.S. at the beginning of World War II, shortly after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
September 18, 2005
SUSAN SPANO wrote a beautiful piece ["A French Village's Unexpected Heroes," Her World, Sept. 4]. The fact that Bruyeres' liberators were Japanese Americans, many of whose families were being held captive at the time in American internment camps, made the event especially poignant. Yet rather than celebrating the heroism of these courageous Americans of Japanese ancestry, Charles Jones ["A WWII View of Internment Camps," Letters, Sept. 11] criticizes Spano's use of the word "infamous" to refer to President Franklin Roosevelt's order to round up and intern 120,000 Japanese Americans from the West Coast during the war. To the interned Americans of Japanese ancestry, Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066 was indeed truly infamous.
January 23, 1995
I was very pleased to read Fred Okrand's history of the American Civil Liberties Union's opposition to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II ("ACLU Posed Challenge to War Internments," Jan. 9), in response to the earlier inaccurate account by Carl B. Pearlston Jr. ("Not a Shining Chapter in ACLU History," Dec. 26). However, no history of this period would be complete without citing the important role of Ernest Besig, then-executive director of the ACLU of Northern California, in bringing the Korematsu case to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1943.