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J Robin Warren

December 11, 2005 | From Reuters
The world should work to make nuclear weapons as universally condemned as slavery or genocide, U.N. nuclear watchdog chief Mohamed ElBaradei said Saturday after receiving the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize. ElBaradei said in his acceptance speech that the world had 27,000 nuclear warheads and "to me, that is 27,000 warheads too many." "The hard part is how do we create an environment in which nuclear weapons -- like slavery or genocide -- are regarded as a taboo and a historical anomaly?"
June 18, 1987 | HARRY NELSON, Times Medical Writer
Medical researchers have found the strongest evidence yet that a recently discovered bacterium may be an underlying cause of gastritis and stomach ulcers. Unknown until 1983 when it was first identified by Australian scientists, the bacterium has been studied intensively by researchers who believe that its discovery could lead to new treatments and perhaps to cures with antibiotics of some cases of gastritis and ulcers.
October 4, 2005 | Thomas H. Maugh II, Times Staff Writer
Two Australian researchers who discovered that stomach ulcers are caused by a bacterium, not by emotional stress or spicy foods, were awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday. Dr. J. Robin Warren, 68, and Dr. Barry J. Marshall, 54, overturned the belief held by physicians for decades by isolating a spiral-shaped bacterium called Helicobacter pylori from humans and ultimately demonstrating that it could produce serious lesions in the stomach.
March 18, 2009 | Thomas H. Maugh II
Dr. Charles S. Lieber, who overturned conventional wisdom by demonstrating that alcohol is a toxin that can damage the liver and that alcoholism is a disease that can be treated, died March 1 at his home in Tenafly, N.J. He was 78 and had been battling stomach cancer. Before his work in the 1970s, researchers had thought that alcohol itself was harmless and that cirrhosis of the liver occurred because most alcoholics suffered from malnutrition. Alcoholism was considered a moral defect.
October 8, 2005 | Madeline Drexler
BARRY MARSHALL won this year's Nobel Prize in medicine for his discovery that peptic ulcers were caused by an infection -- not stress, smoking or alcohol. The nearly mythical story of how he proved this has been widely told this week: He swallowed a noxious solution of beef broth and bacteria, giving himself severe gastritis. But there's a larger story inside the jaunty Australian's brash discovery in the early 1980s. Along with fellow laureate J.
March 21, 1993 | JOSEPH ALPER, Alpers is a free-lance medical and science writer based in St. Paul, Minn
Two and a half years ago, Michelle had an ulcer. In fact, she'd had one about every 18 months for nearly 10 years, and knew that increasing the dose of her anti-ulcer medication would take care of her problem. But in late 1990 her physician at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., decided to try a different approach. He still prescribed Zantac, the anti-ulcer drug, but he added two antibiotics and Pepto-Bismol to her therapy.
Ignaz Semmelweis was ahead of his time. Working at Vienna General Hospital in the 1850s, the Hungarian physician was one of the first to adopt the idea that germs cause disease. Semmelweiss noted that doctors would perform autopsies in the hospital's basement, then care for healthy pregnant women without cleaning their hands. Many of the women developed fatal fevers, and Semmelweis reasoned that the doctors were transferring some kind of infectious agent from the corpses to the women.
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