May 28, 2011 |
World leaders vowed to put more money behind emerging democratic governments in North Africa, announcing plans for $40 billion in aid and support from wealthy nations as well as international development agencies. The pledge came at the conclusion of the Group of 8 international summit in France at which President Obama exhorted other leaders to provide economic assistance and debt forgiveness to strengthen new democracies in Egypt and Tunisia and to encourage popular movements elsewhere.
March 18, 2011 |
U.S. and allied forces prepared to conduct military operations against Libya after the United Nations Security Council authorized international action to prevent Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi from using indiscriminate slaughter to quell a monthlong revolt. With the outgunned rebels in retreat, the council on Thursday authorized "all necessary measures" to protect civilians, giving its blessing to attacks on Libyan aircraft and ground forces now encircling the final opposition stronghold of Benghazi.
March 27, 2011 |
Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi suffered a significant defeat as his forces fled the strategic crossroads city of Ajdabiya, leaving behind a charred trail of smoking tanks and rocket systems destroyed by seven days of punishing allied airstrikes. Rebel fighters in gun trucks raced into the nearly deserted city Saturday, firing their weapons into the air and clamoring over tanks in a daylong celebration of horn-honking and flag-waving. With Kadafi's forces retreating to the south and west, exposing more armor to allied warplanes, the question now is how many working tanks and Grad rocket systems the Libyan leader has left, and how willing his soldiers are to continue facing airstrikes.
September 11, 2011 |
As Moammar Kadafi's four decades in power spiraled to an end, loyalists who feared a ruinous finale secretly pushed for last-minute reforms that included Kadafi relinquishing power, withdrawing troops from contested cities and cutting a deal with rebel leaders. But any serious effort to compromise ran head-on into Kadafi's stubbornness, his apparent failure to recognize the imminent peril and the desire of his son, Seif Islam, to inherit his father's position, according to one prominent insider.
April 6, 2011 |
Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi sent an unusual personal letter to President Obama, complaining about the West's "unjust war" against his embattled regime but also endorsing Obama for a second term in the White House. In a three-page letter Wednesday addressed to "Our son, Excellency, President Obama," Kadafi praised the president as a man "who has enough courage to annul a wrong and mistaken action. " The Libyan strongman said his country had suffered economic embargos and sanctions in the past, as well as airstrikes against his regime during Ronald Reagan's presidency.
April 24, 2011 |
Rebel fighters drove Moammar Kadafi's loyalist forces from all but one base in Misurata on Saturday and appeared to be on the verge of expelling all government troops from the besieged port city. After furious street fighting, Kadafi's forces abandoned a college and a vegetable market that had been hubs for shelling the city. At least 24 rebel fighters were killed and 70 wounded, doctors at Misurata's Hikma hospital said. But even if rebels push all Kadafi fighters from the city, Misurata would remain surrounded by the Libyan leader's security units.