August 3, 2003 |
In 1944, Nazi bombs destroyed Notre Dame de Ronchamp, a chapel perched since the 11th century on a hill in rural France. In 1950, the Catholic Church hired Le Corbusier to put it back together again. Le Corbusier was an atheist, a socialist and a Modernist designer known for his unsparing grid-like structures, but the unlikely commission resulted in one of the most dramatic turnabouts in 20th century architecture.
March 12, 2011 |
When we debate the endlessly tricky subjects of cultural patrimony and looted art, the pieces that usually come to mind are marble statues from classical antiquity or paintings stolen and stashed away during wartime. Not street art. And certainly not manhole covers. But thanks to Banksy, the elusive London-based artist, as well as fresh questions about the fate of Chandigarh, the Indian city designed in the 1950s by Modernist architect Le Corbusier, preparatory notes for a new chapter in this long story have shown up in the press in recent days.
April 22, 2001 |
Artistic movements nearly always spring from a desire to throw out the old and bring in the new. That's certainly true of Purism, a post-World War I, Paris-based movement that promoted an aesthetic of refinement and clarification. The founders of Purism, artists Amedee Ozenfant and Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (better known by his pseudonym, Le Corbusier), titled their manifesto "Apres le cubism" ('After Cubism") and dismissed their Cubist predecessors' work as outdated decoration.
March 10, 1989 |
Le Corbusier--the pseudonymous Swiss-born architect famous for his severe, functional buildings--generally came to his office in Paris only after spending the morning at home working on his paintings. In 1918, as a self-taught 31-year-old fresh from a small Alpine town, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret had encountered the painter and designer Amedee Ozenfant, who dazzled him with the geometric harmonies of Purism (a smoothed-out, more readable offshoot of Cubism).
November 2, 2008 |
Le Corbusier A Life Nicholas Fox Weber Knopf: 848 pp., $45 "Until now," writes Nicholas Fox Weber, "there has been no substantial biography of Le Corbusier." The leader of Modernist architecture left scattered print remains in his wake -- memoirs by those who knew him, descriptions of his work and books and essays about architecture by Le Corbusier himself, but this is the first attempt to capture the man in the full context of his personal life.
March 16, 1986
Sam Hall Kaplan's March 2 column on Charles Moore's lecture at UCLA was a remarkable catalogue of misinformation. It begins by getting the name of the school wrong; the lecture was at the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Planning. It refers to Charles Moore as "late of UCLA." This will surprise many of his students and colleagues; Charles Moore continues to hold the position of adjunct professor at UCLA, and will teach two important courses here in spring. It tendentiously asserts that Frank Lloyd Wright, Mies van der Rohe, and Le Corbusier never attended architecture school.