May 29, 2000 |
Fighting raged Sunday between Eritrea and Ethiopia on the eve of peace talks between the two countries, opening a new front in a smoldering humanitarian crisis. Infantry and artillery clashes--the heaviest fighting to date in the 2-year-old border war between the Horn of Africa neighbors--threaten to uproot 200,000 people around the central Eritrean city of Mendefera, the United Nations warned.
January 16, 1993 |
Leaders of Somalia's warring factions signed a cease-fire agreement Friday, but prospects for a conference to rebuild the country's shattered government remained cloudy. The 14 factions, in the largest such gathering since their country disintegrated two years ago, could not agree on who should attend the conference, tentatively scheduled for March 15 in Addis Ababa. The factions referred that dispute to a committee.
June 21, 2011 |
Leaders of northern and southern Sudan agreed Monday to demilitarize the disputed border region of Abyei after an incursion by northern forces, which still occupy the region. The two sides signed a pact in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, where former South African President Thabo Mbeki acted as a mediator. He told reporters that Ethiopian peacekeepers would be dispatched under the U.N. flag to patrol the oil-rich area. The exact number will be decided at a U.N. meeting in New York, he said.
November 11, 2012 |
CAIRO - Overwhelmed by cascading economic and political problems since the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, this nation teeters from within even as it biggest threat may lie hundreds of miles away in the African highlands. Buried in the headlines is the future of the Nile River - and thus the fate of Egypt itself. Mubarak long neglected the security danger posed by other nations' claims to the timeless pulse that provides 95% of this desert country's water, without which its delta farmlands would wither and its economy die. As poor African capitals increasingly challenge Cairo, however, the struggle has become one of the most pressing foreign policy tests for Egypt's new president, Mohamed Morsi.
November 6, 2000 |
Bells tolled and thousands of Ethiopians wailed and applauded Sunday as Haile Selassie, their last emperor, was finally laid to rest 25 years after his mysterious death. As leaders of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church stood by, elderly veterans of Ethiopia's 1935-41 struggle against Italian occupation carried the coffin--draped in the nation's red, green and gold flag--up the steps of Holy Trinity Cathedral.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 9, 1993
Somalia's rival warlords moved closer Friday to a political solution that could disarm their loyalists, end the fighting and alleviate the famine. The internecine enemies--including the obstructionist Mohammed Farah Aidid--agreed to a national reconciliation conference, which will be in March or April. In the best case, those U.N.-sponsored peace talks could lead to the first formal government since the ouster of Somalia's dictator, the corrupt killer Mohammed Siad Barre.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 5, 1993
In Somalia, the story often seems to be two steps forward and one step back. U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali took his challenge for peace directly to Somali warlords and factional leaders in informal talks in Ethiopia Monday; but all was not calm. Inside the meetings, Somali rivals took verbal pot shots at each other. Outside were a few Somali clan leaders boycotting because some of their allies had not been invited. Yet that was not the worst of it.
December 27, 2006 |
The conflict between Somalia's transitional government and Islamic militants has escalated dangerously, as Islamist leaders threaten a "holy war" against advancing government troops and allied Ethiopian forces, a U.N. special envoy told the Security Council on Tuesday. Relaying reports from U.N. representatives on the ground, envoy Francois Lonseny Fall said the situation was quickly deteriorating as government forces advanced on the Islamist-held capital, Mogadishu, from two directions.
June 6, 1998 |
A simmering border dispute between two usually friendly neighbors erupted into airstrikes Friday when Ethiopian fighters bombed an airport in Eritrea, and Eritrea sent its planes to a provincial capital of the country that only five years ago gave it independence. The exchange dramatically escalated recent fighting that until Friday had been limited to ground skirmishes on a section of barren land that each country claims as its own.
April 10, 1992 |
In an unprecedented summit, five Horn of Africa leaders met here Thursday to commit themselves to facilitating humanitarian programs in Sudan, Somalia and other places where civil wars have condemned more than 5 million people to death by starvation. They also pledged to try to force Somali warlords to end their ruinous conflict, possibly by sponsoring a peace conference. Many of the leaders have met before, but never has humanitarian aid been at the center of the agenda.