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Meles Zenawi

May 29, 2000 | From Associated Press
Fighting raged Sunday between Eritrea and Ethiopia on the eve of peace talks between the two countries, opening a new front in a smoldering humanitarian crisis. Infantry and artillery clashes--the heaviest fighting to date in the 2-year-old border war between the Horn of Africa neighbors--threaten to uproot 200,000 people around the central Eritrean city of Mendefera, the United Nations warned.
January 16, 1993 | From Times Wire Services
Leaders of Somalia's warring factions signed a cease-fire agreement Friday, but prospects for a conference to rebuild the country's shattered government remained cloudy. The 14 factions, in the largest such gathering since their country disintegrated two years ago, could not agree on who should attend the conference, tentatively scheduled for March 15 in Addis Ababa. The factions referred that dispute to a committee.
June 21, 2011 | Alsanosi Ahmed
Leaders of northern and southern Sudan agreed Monday to demilitarize the disputed border region of Abyei after an incursion by northern forces, which still occupy the region. The two sides signed a pact in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, where former South African President Thabo Mbeki acted as a mediator. He told reporters that Ethiopian peacekeepers would be dispatched under the U.N. flag to patrol the oil-rich area. The exact number will be decided at a U.N. meeting in New York, he said.
January 9, 1993
Somalia's rival warlords moved closer Friday to a political solution that could disarm their loyalists, end the fighting and alleviate the famine. The internecine enemies--including the obstructionist Mohammed Farah Aidid--agreed to a national reconciliation conference, which will be in March or April. In the best case, those U.N.-sponsored peace talks could lead to the first formal government since the ouster of Somalia's dictator, the corrupt killer Mohammed Siad Barre.
January 5, 1993
In Somalia, the story often seems to be two steps forward and one step back. U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali took his challenge for peace directly to Somali warlords and factional leaders in informal talks in Ethiopia Monday; but all was not calm. Inside the meetings, Somali rivals took verbal pot shots at each other. Outside were a few Somali clan leaders boycotting because some of their allies had not been invited. Yet that was not the worst of it.
A simmering border dispute between two usually friendly neighbors erupted into airstrikes Friday when Ethiopian fighters bombed an airport in Eritrea, and Eritrea sent its planes to a provincial capital of the country that only five years ago gave it independence. The exchange dramatically escalated recent fighting that until Friday had been limited to ground skirmishes on a section of barren land that each country claims as its own.
In an unprecedented summit, five Horn of Africa leaders met here Thursday to commit themselves to facilitating humanitarian programs in Sudan, Somalia and other places where civil wars have condemned more than 5 million people to death by starvation. They also pledged to try to force Somali warlords to end their ruinous conflict, possibly by sponsoring a peace conference. Many of the leaders have met before, but never has humanitarian aid been at the center of the agenda.
December 13, 1993 | From Times Wire Services
Somalia peace talks collapsed Sunday, and faction leaders went home, raising the risk of the country's abandonment by world donors who have warned that continued fighting could lead to an aid cutoff. Meanwhile, in Washington, Secretary of Defense Les Aspin said Sunday that the United States will withdraw about 2,500 of its 8,200 troops in Somalia by Christmas. "Between a quarter and a third of them will be out of the country" by Dec. 25, Aspin said on NBC's "Meet the Press."
June 16, 1999 | From Reuters
The government of Eritrea said Tuesday that more than 18,000 troops from Ethiopia had been "put out of action" in a new round of intense fighting along the two nations' disputed border as both sides traded heavy artillery fire for a sixth straight day. The Foreign Ministry said Ethiopia had also lost two MIG-23 jet fighters, one MI-35 helicopter and five tanks since fighting in their year-old border war resumed on the western Mereb-Setit front Thursday.
October 12, 1993
The Clinton Administration's newfound emphasis on an African solution to the Somalia conflict is the right touch--and offers hope. But politics and history impose formidable barriers to success in Mogadishu. The hope is that the now-infamous warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid will be more responsive to African leaders. Aidid's recent cease-fire and stopping of attacks on U.N. peacekeepers are welcome; now he should immediately free U.S. helicopter pilot Michael J.
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