January 16, 1992 |
The Middle East peace process lurched toward deadlock Wednesday with Israelis and Palestinians trading ultimatums over Jewish settlements in the occupied territories and Israel and Syria even disagreeing about the facts of their shared history. Although they denied that they might walk out over the issue, Palestinian participants said that no progress can be made until Israel agrees to stop building settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
March 12, 1991
The Middle East has long been a region of shifting allegiances and borders. Here are just three versions arrangements that have come and gone during this century. Saddam Hussein tried to personally change the map once more by annexing Kuwait. He failed, but in the aftermath the world once more sees the different--and sometimes conflicting--interests of those countries with a stake in the region. As Secretary of State James A.
August 22, 1990 |
The deployment of U.S. forces to Saudi Arabia marks a watershed in the brief--and tumultuous--relationship between the United States and the Arab world. Just 50 years ago, when White House aides suggested that Washington seek to build some influence in the desert wastelands of the Arabian Peninsula, then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt was unimpressed. "Tell the British I hope they can take care of the king of Saudi Arabia," Roosevelt scribbled in a staff memo.
August 11, 1990
The crumbling of the Ottoman Empire left behind a power vacuum and a web of vague and ill-defined boundaries in its former lands. The political intrigues of European powers before and after World War I produced today's boundaries, which many Arabs say are arbitrary. Borders rarely mattered before oil was discovered; now they are one of the reasons that Iraq invaded Iran in 1980 and Kuwait in 1990.
March 26, 1989 |
Today a new dawn is emerging from the darkness of the past. A new chapter is being opened in the history of coexistence among nations. --Anwar Sadat, 1979 Anwar Sadat, the late Egyptian leader, spoke those lofty words exactly 10 years ago today as he stood on the White House lawn with President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin after signing the first, and as yet only, treaty of peace between Israel and one of its Arab neighbors.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
August 22, 1987 |
The four middle-aged Israeli reservists lounged in the shade of a small grove of olive trees not far from here, at the site of one of history's most famous military engagements. Their dusty Jeeps were parked nearby and their assault rifles lay on the ground beside them. "I'm a friend of Saladin," one of the soldiers quipped, referring to the 12th-Century Kurdish general and Muslim hero. "We just chased the Crusaders out of here."