July 27, 1991 |
Why Mongolia? What is it about this remote, lightly populated Central Asian land that tugs at the heart of the usually unsentimental Secretary of State James A. Baker III? Over the last 2 1/2 years, while often proclaiming the importance of American interests across the Pacific, the secretary of state has shown little, if any, eagerness for travel in Asia. He has, so far, made at least 25 visits to Europe since taking office, and only four to Asia (excluding the Middle East).
February 18, 1990 |
The newly formed Mongolian Democratic Assn. will hold its first congress in Ulan Bator today, at which about 500 national delegates are expected to make radical demands and proclaim themselves Mongolia's first opposition party. Signaling a concession to democratic demands, the government is removing the last statue of dictator Josef Stalin in Ulan Bator, a state-run newspaper said. "The statue has received much (public) displeasure," the newspaper said.
July 23, 1990 |
This country's 2 million people, some riding to the polls on horseback, voted Sunday in their first free elections since the Communist Party's surrender of its guaranteed monopoly on power. More than three-quarters of the electorate had voted four hours before the polls were to close, officials said. Diplomats in the capital, Ulan Bator, predicted that the Communist Party would win but that its authority, unchallenged for 69 years, would be much weakened. "Everything is peaceful.
March 10, 1990 |
Mongolia's Communist leaders offered to resign Friday in the face of protests by thousands of people calling for multi-party democracy, East Bloc news agencies reported from the capital Ulan Bator. The East German news agency ADN and the Soviet news agency Tass also said a national referendum will be organized to give the people an opportunity to say whether they had confidence in the Mongolian Parliament, the People's Great Hural.
March 26, 1990 |
Thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators streamed into central Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia, to demand the dissolution of Parliament and call for reforms, including an end to government funding for the ruling Communist Party. Leaders of 11 loosely aligned pro-democracy groups made anti-government speeches before about 7,000 banner-waving protesters.
March 16, 1990 |
Mongolia's new Communist Party leader criticized his predecessors for stifling democracy and promised to hold the country's first free elections after 69 years of Communist dominance. Reformist Gombojavyn Ochirbat, chosen Wednesday as general secretary of the ruling Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, said the failures of former leaders had caused economic crises and fomented public indignation.