August 8, 1992 |
Mozambique President Joaquim Chissano and rebel leader Afonso Dhlakama sealed an accord Friday to end 16 years of civil war by Oct. 1, ending three days of talks with an emotional embrace. "This is a historic day for the people of Mozambique and Africa. . . . Please, no more deaths. No more war," Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe, who brought the two foes together for the first time, said after the signing ceremony.
April 2, 1991
Peace talks between the government of Mozambique and guerrillas resume in the Italian capital Monday in hopes of ending one of Africa's bloodiest civil wars. The last round of talks ended in December with a limited cease-fire along the Beira Corridor, which links the Indian Ocean with Zimbabwe. Now, with reports of more rebel attacks on civilians inside the country, the key issue is a countrywide cease-fire.
December 31, 1990 |
There was still a crowd at the ferry landing outside this port center late on the day that Manuel Antonio crossed over with his retinue. Those with him were part of his "spirit army," mostly teen-age boys he had mysteriously "immunized" against bullets, the better to cleanse the countryside of the rebel guerrillas who have waged a 15-year war of devastation in Mozambique.
December 25, 1990 |
The first word of the catastrophe brewing in this former mining town deep in the interior came from a band of 50 naked, starving men. They emerged from the bush one day at an emergency feeding center at Gile, 40 miles east, unclothed except for strips of tree bark and begging for seeds and farm implements. There are 20,000 of us in Morrua, they told a stunned worker from World Vision International, the Monrovia, Calif.
August 17, 1990 |
The Central Committee of the ruling Frelimo Party has endorsed President Joaquim Chissano's recommendation to abandon the country's one-party socialist state in favor of a multi-party system and a market economy. Frelimo has ruled since independence from Portugal in 1975, and endorsed the measure in an apparent bid to rectify a rapidly deteriorating centralized economy and end a bloody civil war with right-wing rebels of the foreign-sponsored Renamo movement.
March 10, 1990 |
Mozambique's guerrilla war will top the agenda when President Joaquim Chissano meets President Bush in Washington next Tuesday. "A review of the process toward achieving peace in Mozambique will be at the top of our list," Melissa Wells, the U.S. ambassador in Maputo, said. The visit, Chissano's first to the Bush White House, comes at a crucial time for the African nation. In addition to the 14-year-old civil war, Chissano faces a wave of strikes by workers dissatisfied with a U.S.